"THE SURVEY ROUTE"

The route followed by the U.S. Survey Team in 1825 generally replicated the course already established by the Santa Fe Traders. However, there are notable exceptions. Two such exception illustrated by Site A-1 and Site A-2 are included in this Directory.

Pawnee Rock
Pawnee Rock was described by George Sibley on August 30, 1825
from an 1867 sketch by Ado Hunnius.

Site A-1

August 30 1825 Survey Team Campsite Marker

BRANCH: Survey Route
DESIGNATION: August 30, 1825 Campsite of the Santa Fe Trail Survey Team
LOCATION: From 14th Street and Broadway in Larned, Kansas, proceed east on K-156/U.S. 56, 5.7 miles, left .1 mile, left .5 mile, and right .4 mile to the marker on the right.
GPS AT MARKER: N38 14.801 -- W99 01.892
TOPOGRAPHICAL EVIDENCE: Ash Creek; Pawnee Rock visible to the northeast.
USGS AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHS:
August 30, 1825 Survey Team Campsite
MODERN DAY MAP: Santa Fe Trail Map Pawnee County, Kansas
TOPOGRAPHIC MAP: Topographic Map
HISTORIC DESCRIPTION: Campsite of the Santa Fe Trail Survey Team on August 30, 1825.
COMMENTS: This crossing on Ash Creek used by the Survey Team was not the Ash Creek Crossing used on the regular route as described in (Site B-1). Note: The distances recorded by Sibley between the campsites of the Survey Team differ slightly in some cases from the distances reported by surveyor Joseph Brown. By the time the original township survey map was produced in 1871, the Santa Fe Trail between Ash Creek Crossing and Pawnee Fork Crossing (Pre-Wet Route) had not been used for some time and thus was not indicated on the map. Compare with Bvt. Col. Merill's map (Site C-1) which shows the Santa Fe Trail running from Ash Creek to Pawnee Fork. Notice the other road running close to the Arkansas River. This route developed by the army after the establishment of Fort Larned it is also shown on (Sites A-2), (Site B-1), (Site C-1) and (Site H-2) maps as well as the 1872 campaign map (Site B-1).
DISTANCE: From the August 29, 1825 campsite of the Santa Fe Trail Survey Team, 7 miles and 60 chains.

Tuesday 30th August.
After Breakfast at 30 Min[utes] past 8, we all started. The Waggons and most of the Party kept up the River Bottom. Mr. Gamble and myself rode out upon the high Prairie. We first rode nearly north about a mile to a remarkable Rocky Point (Pawnee Rock) which projects into the Bottom from a High Ridge; these Rocks are very large and of a glossy Black Colour; Towards the River, the face is nearly perpendicular. We rode upon the top which is probably 50 feet above the plain below, and from whence there is a charming view of the country in every direction... The distance measured today is only 7 M[iles] & 60 Ch[ain]s. The Rocky point is still in plain view about 5 miles to the Eastward. This Creek is extremely Crooked, and well deserves the name we have give it "Crooked Creek" (Ash Creek). As far as I could see up it, there is Timber--and this is also the case with all the branches of Walnut Creek.

Kate L. Gregg (ed.), The Road to Santa Fe: The Journal and Diaries of George Champlin Sibley. (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1952), 71-72.
Hereafter cited as Gregg.

LEGAL DESCRIPTION: NE 1/4, Section 12, T-21-S, R-16-W, Pawnee County, Kansas.

August 30 1825 Survey Team Campsite Plaque

Township 21 South of Range 16 West, Pawnee County, Kansas Township 21 South of Range 16 West, Pawnee County, Kansas

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