Site F-5 - Interpretive Marker Text
BRANCH: The Post-1859 Dry Route
DESIGNATION: Pawnee Fork Crossing
LOCATION: From the Site F-4 Marker proceed west 1.2 miles, left .5 mile, and right .3 mile around the perimeter of the Larned State Hospital to the marker on the right.
GPS AT MARKER: N38 10.428 -- W99 09.579
TOPOGRAPHICAL EVIDENCE: Pawnee Fork
PHYSICAL EVIDENCE: Immediately west of the marker is a pronounced cutdown.
USGS AERIAL PHOTO: Pawnee Fork Crossing
MODERN DAY MAP: Santa Fe Trail Map Pawnee County, Kansas
TOPOGRAPHIC MAP: Topographic Map
HISTORIC DESCRIPTION: Crossing of the Pawnee Fork on The Post-1859 Dry Route, not to be confused with the Pawnee Fork crossing on The Wet Route (Site C-2).
DISTANCE: From Fort Larned to the crossing, 3 miles.
To the asst Adjutant General, Department of the Missouri Sir.------In Obedience to your endorsement dated Headquarters Dept of the Missouri, May 4, 1877, directing me to measure the "Wet and Dry" routes between this point and Ft. Dodge, I have to honor to submit the following report...The directions were taken by campass, and where opportunity offered I compared with the section corner stones placed by the government surveyor...From Ft. Larned to Junction of Wet & Dry Routes near Ft. Dodge Ks. is Fifty & 97/100 miles, Dry Trails. From junction near Ft. Dodge to crossing of Coon Creek by the "wet route" Fifty and seven hundredths miles from crossing of Coon Creek to Ft. Larned, 9 6/100 miles. The wet route being 8 6/100 miles longer than the Dry...The Ford three miles below the Fort appears to have been the best, and has the largest trail leading to it. The next in importance as indicated by the size of the trail crossing it, was one mile below, the Fort, on the Dry route to Zarah.
I am very respectfully your obt. servant, William J. Lyster
Capt. 19th Infty Commanding Post
Capt. William J. Lyster, Commanding Officer, Fort Larned, to Asst. Adjutant General, Department of Missouri, May 28, 1877, Post Orders Letters Sent and Letters Received, Records of the U. S. Army Continental Commands, 1821-1890, Record Group 393, National Archives and Records Service.
COMMENTS: The crossing was spanned by a short-lived toll bridge in 1868. According to the original township survey map, two other crossings were located nearby.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION: NW 1/4, Section 2, T-22-S, R-17-W, Pawnee County, Kansas.
Township 22 South of Range 17 West, Pawnee County, Kansas
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