Best Preserved Frontier Fort in the West Fort Larned Old Guard Newsletter
Volume 29, Number 4 ~*~ Best Preserved Frontier Fort in the West ~*~ Spring 2019

Dedication Of Signs At Confrontation Ridge
     Landowner Gary McJunkin, Fort Larned Old Guard Chair Janet Armstead, and Fort Larned NHS Chief Ranger George Elmore at new signs at Confrontation Ridge, dedicated during Mess & Muster, April 27, 2019.

     Dedication of new signs at Confrontation Ridge west of Burdett KS was part of the Old Guard's annual Mess & Muster, April 27, 2019. About 50 visitors caravaned from Fort Larned National Historic Site to the site to view the markers. Because of the wind, the dedication of the signs took place back at Fort Larned. Images of the signs are included as inserts in this issue. Confrontation Ridge is the point where General Winfield S. Hancock's Expedition met some 300 Cheyenne Dog Soldiers and Oglala Lakota on April 14, 1867, and a battle was avoided through efforts of Indian Agent Edward Wynkoop and Interpreter Edmund Guerrier. Hancock marched his troops to a point near the village on Pawnee Fork. The Cheyenne and Lakota fled the village which Hancock burned on April 19, 1867, creating a war where none had existed.

Dedication Of Signs At Confrontation Ridge
THE ARMY            THE CHEYENNE & LAKOTA

     This project has been planned for several years and finally completed with thanks to landowner Gary McJunkin for permission to place these signs in his pasture within view of Confrontation Ridge, to those who designed the marker, and volunteers who installed the signs and protective cattle panels: Doug Springer, Dan Sanneman, Ron Van Cleave, Ethan Grennan, and Tom Hull. These signs may be viewed by visitors, located on County Road N approximately one and one-half miles west of Burdett.

     The Old Guard Board presented Gary McJunkin a commission of Colonel and an honorary life membership for his permission to place the signs and allow visitors onto his property. Thank you Gary.

Fort Larned Old Guard Student Photo/Art Contest Winners
     The winners of the Old Guard's first annual photo/art contest were recognized at the Mess & Muster banquet at Fort Larned the evening of April 27, 2019. The awards include a certificate, books, art prints, and cash. A total of 53 entries were received, most in the Grades 1-4 division. There were no entries in the Grades 5-8 division, and only a few in Grades 9-12 division. The winners are shown below, and their winning entries are portrayed beside their photos.

     Marleigh Anna Johnson, a student at Fort Larned Elementary School, received the first-place award for her drawing in Grades 1-4 division.

     Kole Maxwell of Larned, student at Central Kansas Christian Academy, won second-place for his painting in Grades 1-4 division.

     Russel Baier, student at Pawnee Heights High School, received first-place award for his photo in the Grades 9-12 division.

Fort Larned Old Guard Chair's Column
by Janet Armstead
Greetings Fort Larned enthusiasts!

     The Mess & Muster 2019 is in the books, and what a great day it was. Saturday, April 27, 2019, was sunny but windy! The garrison flag could not be flown. At times, Mess & Muster can be so hot your shoe soles melt. Not so on this day. Several times during the afternoon I went outside to warm up in the sun, but out of the wind. Leo Oliva, Rex Abrahams, and Martha Scranton were the organizing committee for this year's events. What a fine job they did!

     After a productive board meeting, we all gathered at the parking lot and made our way to see the new signs at Confrontation Ridge. Our thanks go to Leo Oliva and George Elmore for the wonderful story told with the story boards. A lot of work went into getting the site ready. Because of the wind, we returned to the Fort for the dedication. The Fort Larned Old Guard board is so thankful to the McJunkin family for allowing this to happen on their property and for being at the presentation of the site. The board has presented the McJunkin family a commission for honorary Colonel and life membership in the Old Guard.

     The afternoon and evening speakers shared great stories of the archaeology of Fort Larned and the Cheyenne & Lakota village destroyed by General Winfield S. Hancock in 1867. We appreciate our guest speakers for telling their stories and teaching us about times gone by. Thank you Tim Weston, Gina Powell, and Doug Scott.

     I have to admit, a highlight for me was being asked by George to play the bugle for the retreat. Because it was so windy and they were lowering a small flag, they didn't have the full-blown retreat - but of course, there must be a bugle as the flag comes down! I have been very thankful for my wonderful music career - but I was celebrating Saturday night! Love it! It has inspired me to memorize the Retreat and To the Colors calls - and the next time I come out I'll bring my own bugle!

     Congratulations to the winners of our first photo/art contest: Marleigh Anne Johnson, Kole Maxwell, and Russel Baier. Other awards presented include commissions for rank of colonel in the Old Guard to Doug Springer and Doug Scott. The William Y. Chalfant Memorial Awards went to Doug Scott and Rex Abrahams. George Elmore received special recognition for his 45 years of service with the National Park Service, an honor well deserved. Congratulations George!

     The complete surprise was my buddy Chris Day and I being awarded the David K. Clapsaddle Memorial Educator Award! Thank you Alice, Leo, Ellen, and Terry for the recognition. Chris and I will have another group of 55 students on the Santa Fe Trail in a few weeks.

     Chris Day has resigned from the Fort Larned Old Guard board to devote time to her upcoming duties as vice-president of the Santa Fe Trail. We are pleased to welcome new board member Kristin Keith from Larned to fill this vacancy on the board. Please see her story in this issue.

     On a different note, all four Santa Fe Trail Junior Wagon Master booklets, written by Chris Day, Marcia Fox, and me and published by the National Park Service, are now on the Santa Fe Trail website . If you are traveling the trail, download the pages you'd like, or stop by the Fort or Santa Fe Trail Center and get a printed copy of the book. All four booklets are finally available: Cavvy (ages 5-8), Freighter (ages 9-11), Bullwhacker (ages 12-14), and Scout (ages 15 & up).

     Please remember living-history weekends coming up at the Fort for Memorial Day, July 4, 2019, and Labor Day. Fort Larned is a national treasure, and we are proud to "Support Our Fort."

Superintendent's Corner
by Betty Boyko

     There are so many quotations about Spring. It has been identified as the season of new beginnings, new hope, or the time of plans and projects. That certainly captures this Spring season for the staff at Fort Larned National Historic Site.

     Although it seems we have been planning and working on this for far too many seasons, I promise we are making progress with the new museum exhibits. A contract has been awarded for the fabrication and installation of the exhibits. We anticipate a Grand Opening in late spring or early summer of 2020. I am confident that, when you see the new exhibits, you will all agree it was worth the wait.

     I am also delighted to report that Fort Larned National Historic Site was successful in obtaining an intern from the Latino Heritage Internship Program. The intern will explore the legacy of Latinos by researching the histories of the Great Plains and the commerce of the Santa Fe Trail and will help prepare interpretive and educational programs to connect the public to the new exhibits telling the story of diverse cultures.

     The park also received a Park Steward Program grant to develop and present a Cultural Music Event. We are looking forward to this new event. As we usher in our new events and programs, we are closing a chapter devoted to the Naturalization Ceremony which was held at Fort Larned in 2016, 2017, and 2018. At this time the courts have decided not to use the Fort, but we enjoyed welcoming new citizens and their families to take in this American treasure - Fort Larned. Hopefully in the future we will see the ceremony return.

     These programs and events could not happen without the hard work and efforts of the members of the Fort Larned Old Guard and park employees like Chief Ranger George Elmore. At the Mess & Muster event, George was recognized for 45 years of service with the government of the United States of America. I thank George for his many years of loyalty, passion, and selfless service. As I mentioned in my welcome, George is the "go to guy" and willingly shares his love and vast knowledge of history. He has boosted public interest in the park, the Santa Fe Trail, and throughout the country. Our national parks are truly a better place because of him. Dr. Doug Scott, a longtime friend and colleague, and the keynote speaker for the Old Guard Mess and Muster, assisted in presenting George with this prestigious award.

     Supt. Betty Boyko presenting Certificate of Apreciation to Chief Ranger George Elmore for 45 years of service, assisted by Doug Scott.

Fort Larned Roll Call: Chris Lara
     The Fort has a new staff member joining the maintenance crew. Say hello to Chris Lara, a native of Colorado, who has worked for many national parks as a seasonal employee, including Yellowstone, Fort Union, Rocky Mountain, Black Canyon of the Gunnison, and Assateague National Seashore. His position at Fort Larned is permanent, and we are delighted to have him here.

     Chris is married to Danielle and is father to three stepsons and a stepdaughter. He has enjoyed learning about the Santa Fe Trail since his days of growing up in the San Luis Valley of Colorado. He remembers his grandfather telling stories about the Santa Fe Trail. He often traveled from San Luis to Santa Fe and became an avid Santa Fe Trail aficionado. Chris feels close to his grandfather in spirit as he takes on new duties at the Fort.

     The grounds and buildings are now quite busy with more visitors, school field trips, programs, and special events. Chris hasn't missed a beat. His national park experience has made him a good fit for Fort Larned. When asked what he likes about his new position, he says, "The people! I have very nice co-workers." The Fort Larned staff agrees wholeheartedly!

Job Shadow At Fort Larned: Russel Baier
     Occasionally, Fort Larned receives requests from area high school teachers asking us to host a student interested in park service careers. One day this past winter, Russel Baier from Pawnee Heights High School at Rozel spent a morning as a "job shadow" at the Fort. Like many people, Russel thought everyone on our small staff bore the title "Park Ranger." Today he knows there are numerous titles attached to skills that are needed at all our national parks.

     Russel spent most of his time with Park Ranger Ellen Jones learning about the National Park Service organization and the role of interpretation at Fort Larned. after opening the buildings with Ellen, he raised the flag with volunteer Kyle Burkett and practiced flag etiquette. He spent some time hearing about internships with the national park from SCA Intern Ethan Grennan. Ethan shared the work he's doing with bat conservation at the Fort.

     Russel Baier and Park Ranger Ellen Jones

     Russel is a freshman who is very interested in conservation and history. After graduation in 2022, he plans to join a branch of the military and then attend college. He would like to work someday for the park service, but first he hopes to take a trip to Mount Rushmore and Yellowstone in the near future. Russel states, "I like the national parks because preserving history is important. People my age need to know about the past."

     Russel plans to volunteer at Fort Larned this summer. He is also the high school division winner of the Fort Larned Old Guard Photo/Art Contest. Keep up the good work, Russel!


Volunteer Roll Call: Barry Jones
by Ellen Jones, Park Ranger

     When the staff at Fort Larned needs help interpreting history, we call upon volunteers who know history. When we need help interpreting the great outdoors, we call Barry Jones. Barr is a Naturalist and the Visitor Services Coordinator for Quivira National Wildlife Refuge. The Fort staff has long enjoyed a fruitful partnership with the Quivira staff and Barry has readily made himself available for us.

     Every year Barry volunteers as a leader of the Great Backyard Bird Count, not only for the Fort but with students in area schools too. The Great Backyard Bird Count is an annual event held for four days in February. Visitors and students record bird observations and submit their findings online, creating the largest instantaneous snapshot of global bird populations ever recorded. Because of Barry's involvement, Fort Larned submits valuable information regarding what species of birds are seen on Fort grounds, near the nature trail, and the Pawnee River.

     Barry Jones Educating Students with Music at Fort Larned

     Over the last several years he has helped students and Junior Rangers to understand events in nature. His method of engaging all ages is through music. Barry is a singer-songwriter who uses his love of nature for inspiration. He wrote a song about a Cottonwood Tree and the stars that can be found in the branches. His Birds in Song program is performed regularly in various venues. The first time he gave the program at the Fort was during the Centennial celebration in 2016. The audience was 300 students from Fort Larned Elementary School! His most recent program at the Fort was for our 12 newly-sworn-in Junior Rangers and their families on April 20, 2019. We wouldn't be tagging monarchs every September for Kansas University's Monarch Watch were it not for Barry's influence and encouragement.

     Barry enjoys history and relates to the Santa Fe Trail by way of his origins. He was born in Alamosa, Colorado, just a few miles from Bent's Old Fort. Although he was a toddler when his family moved from there he still has a deep affinity for the San Luis Valley, the Spanish Peaks, and the Sangre de Cristo range.

     He sometimes interprets history as a Fort Larned soldier for the Candlelight Tours. But the birds in flight, the grasses of the Plains, and the yips of the coyotes will continue to rouse his creativity.

     We are tasked with protecting and preserving Fort Larned's cultural and natural resources. There are many things we could not do well without the assistance of our wonderful volunteers. Thank you Barry for sharing your passion for nature at Fort Larned.

Standards And Colors
by Sam Young, Fort Larned National Historic Site Volunteer

     Traditions have always been and are key and unique to the Army. One of these traditions involves the national flag and organizational flags. The infantry called them "Colors" while the cavalry called them "Standards."

     The current U.S. Army manual, FM 3-21.5 (FM 22-5) Drill and Ceremonies, has an excellent history of flags; "Flags are almost as old as civilization itself. Imperial Egypt as well as the armies of Babylon, Chaldea, and Assyria followed the colors of their kings. The Old Testament frequently mentions banners and standards." In Song of Solomon, 4:6, Solomon states: ". . . As awesome as an army with banners." Additionally, the words banner, color, flag, and standard are synonymous. For example, the first flag carried by the colonial Army was the Grand Union flag. From 1795 until 1818 the 15-star and 15-stripe flag was the national banner and is reflected in Francis Scott Key's "The Star-Spangled Banner."

     When in battle, which is disorganized chaos surrounded by and covered in smoke and dust, soldiers needed a way to identify their organization and the location of their commander. This was especially true for the cavalry and the infantry who were in the thick of the fighting. With multiple regiments, from both sides, intermixed, the national and organizational flags provided that location as the national flag told the soldiers which side was which, and their regiment/organization as each had its own unique flag.

     The British Army and other European armies were the models for the Continental Army and the U.S. Army for decades after the United States became a nation. Traditionally in those foreign armies, cavalry carried standards and infantry carried colors. Cavalry organizational standards were mostly square shaped and smaller than infantry organizational colors which were rectangle. The U.S. Army followed suit in the size and shape of their cavalry organizational standards and infantry organizational colors. During the period of Fort Larned these flags were on a blue silk cloth. However, in 1886, the cavalry organizational standard was changed to yellow silk.

     The infantry and cavalry manuals of the Civil War and afterwards refer to the flag guards as color guards for the infantry and standard guards for the cavalry, and color bearers and standard bearers for those who carried those banners.

     If we look at the title of the bugle call played when the U.S. flag is lowered at Retreat, it has two titles: "To the Color" and "To the Standard." The former title was correct for an infantry post while the latter was for a cavalry post.

     While Fort Larned was founded by a company of the First Cavalry Regiment, for over half its period of active service it was garrisoned by one or more infantry companies. It was never the headquarters of a cavalry regiment or an infantry regiment, thus it would not have had a cavalry organizational standard or an infantry organizational color. Those flags were with these companies' parent regiments.

     Since Fort Larned National Historic Site portrays the 1867-1868 period of Fort Larned, during which time frame the Fort was commanded by either Captain Henry Asbury, Third Infantry; Major Meredith Helm Kidd, Tenth Cavalry; or Captain Nicholas Nolan, Tenth Cavalry, the U.S. flag was referred to as a color for infantry or a standard for cavalry, depending who was in command.

References:
     Rancy Steffen, The Horse Soldier 1776-1943, Volume I
     Brig.-Gen. Silas Casey, 1865 Infantry Tactics
     1874 Cavalry Tactics
     Leo E. Oliva, Fort Larned: Guardian of the Santa Fe Trail

The Enlisted Men Of Company C, Third Infantry
Part XIV - Matthew Cook
by Celeste Dixon, Park Ranger

     (Fort Larned's main interpretive year is 1868, which is the year the stone buildings were completed. Company C, 3rd U.S. Infantry, was stationed at Fort Larned during that year and part of the research for the restoration of the barracks and hospital building was finding out information for most of these enlisted men. That information was compiled in the Historic Furnishing Study: Enlisted Men's Barracks and Post Hospital, HS-2. Here is the fourteenth installment in a series on the enlisted men whose information is included in that report. There are no photos available for these enlisted soldiers.)

     There is actually one soldier ahead of Matthew Cook in the list of Company C soldiers, however, he was not actually with the company for the majority of 1868. Thomas Conlon, who enlisted in New York City on November 7, 1865, was absent from the company until his discharge on November 7, 1868. He had been sick in Washington, D.C., since September 17, 1866.

     Mathew Cook enlisted on November 4, 1865, also in New York City. He started out 1868 as a corporal and is listed on detached service to Fort Zarah for picket duty until January 15, when he returned to Fort Larned for company duty for the rest of the month.

     He was on company duty for most of 1868 with two exceptions. In September he reported to sick call on the 3rd for colic. When he returned to company duty on the 4th he received an assignment for escort duty to Fort Dodge. When he returned to Fort Larned on the 12th he spent the rest of the month on company duty.

     He was on company duty for all of October and until the 4th of November, when he was dishonorably discharged. The reason is not stated in the record. He had been reduced from corporal down to private on June 17, also for an unknown reason. It could be that his dishonorable discharge was related, but we can't be sure.

     Private Cook's story is not an unusual one for many men in the frontier army. He apparently did not have nay special skills such as tailoring, or any of the jobs for construction, so he spent the bulk of his time on routine company duty or performing the dull but necessary tasks of garrison and escort duty. Most likely the boredom of garrison duty drove him to the type of bad behaviour that would get him reduced in rank and eventually discharged from the army.

Fort Larned Old Guard Awards Presented At Mess & Muster
     Doug Springer receiving the Commission of Colonel in the Fort Larned Old Guard for his volunteer work

     Rex Abrahams receiving the Chalfant Award for years of service on the Fort Larned Old Guard Board and a Fort Larned Volunteer

     Doug Scott with Commission as Colonel in the Old Guard and the William Y. Chalfant Award for his years of archaeological investigations at Fort Larned National Historic Site

     Chris Day, left, and Janet Armstead, right, receiving the David K. Clapsaddle Educator Awards from Alice Clapsaddle.

Fort Larned Old Guard Roll Call: Kristin Keith
     (Kristin Keith is a new member of the Fort Larned Old Guard board. She is a volunteer at the Fort and helps with the school tours. She shares the following.)

     It's my home away from home - when I cross that bridge to the Fort. Yes, you could say I have an "old soul." I'm passionate about preserving history and sharing it with others, in hopes that they will make the same connection.

     I am Kristin Keith, a native of Larned, KS, only having left the area for a few years to attend Wichita State University and Southwestern College in Winfield where I earned a degree in English Education. I have taught English Literature and Composition at Cowley County Community College, Barton County Community College, and Larned High School, but am currently involved in the antique business. I have become very passionate about and thoroughly enjoy my volunteer work with the education program at Fort Larned and providing living history for special occasions. I also serve on the Board of Directors for the Fort Larned Historical Society (Santa Fe Trail Center). My hobbies include antiquing, reading, and running.

     In 1991, I married my high school sweetheart, Joel Keith. Joel works as a cattle marketer for Innovative Livestock Services. We have three children, Joelle Keith Prescott, Brady Keith, and Kolby Keith. Joelle and her family are also currently residing in Larned. She is an RN and is currently working on her masters PMHNP-BC. Joelle is married to Caleb Prescott, who also works in the cattle industry. They have a three-year-old son, Ridge. He is the light of my life, and I am so fortunate to see him almost daily! Brady attended my alma mater, Southwestern College, where he played football for four years. Also like his mother, he is an English teacher and football coach at Bennington High School. He is currently working on his Masters of Education. Brady's wife, Lindsey, also a Southwestern grad, has a BA in Theology and Philosophy and a Masters in Systematic Theology from Kings College, London UK. Lindsey is a youth director and teaches at Kansas Wesleyan College in Salina. Kolby owns his own successful hunting/guiding business called "Wing Chaser Outdoors." This is their second year in operation. He will be married June 1, 2019, to Dava Makings who is currently a junior at Fort Hays State University.

     I am very honored with the opportunity to join the Fort Larned Old Guard Board of Directors and to be of service in another capacity to Fort Larned.

     "So much of our future lies in preserving out past." Peter Westbrook.

Fort Larned In The News
     Indian News, Leavenworth Daily Conservative, July 27, 1864

     (Following the murder of Southern Cheyenne Peace Chief Starving Bear and his son by troops led by Lt. George Eayre', May 16, 1864, on Big Timber Creek approximately a half-mile northeast of the present town of Liebenthal, the Southern Plains Tribes began attacking along the overland routes, including the Santa Fe and Smoky Hill trails. The following article tells about some of that retaliation at and east of Fort Larned. Notice at the end of the article that most of the wagon trains are led by Hispanic-Americans.)

Another Indian Raid Upon Fort Larned
     All The Government Stock Taken
     The Kiowa Chief, Satanta, In Command
     The Kansas City And Santa Fe
     Stage Route Cleared To Lost Springs
     Six Hundred Mules From Santa Fe Trains Stolen
     Fort Riley And Larned Route Unmolested
     The Militia Organizing

     We are indebted to Col. Terry for the following startling information, received by him yesterday morning. It will be seen that the Kiowas have renewed their depredations in good earnest, and from the few facts reported by the correspondents, it is evident that the redlegs are operating in superior force and with a decided purpose. The following are the dispatches:

Junction City, July 23, 1864
     L. G. Terry, Esq: Dear Sir: The stage has not yet arrived from Larned (2 o'clock P.M.) I am starting out the extra hack here to meet them.

     The Indians have taken all the Government stock from the Fort, and all of the sutlers' stock, except two horses. I have not heard that they have taken any stage stock. Yours, in haste, Nate Swan.

Junction City, July 24, 1864
     L. G. Terry, Esq: Dear Sir: This Sunday a.m., eight o'clock, and no coach from the west yet. Swan started out yesterday on time with the mail and four passengers, but I advised him to go no further than Salina, unless he met the other coach coming down.

     Reports are various up to last night; nothing definite is known, more than that the Indians (Kiowas) had made a second raid on Fort Larned. Satanta, the Kiowa Chief, shot the guard on duty. They had run off all the stock that was out, including about forty head of mules and horses belonging to Crane and Weischelbaum (post sutlers). They had cleared the Santa Fe road down to Lost Springs, which is only about forty or sixty miles southwest of this place, and had captured 500 or 600 mules from Santa Fe trains.

     Our regiment of militia, and the one ordered from Ogden and Manhattan vicinity, are ordered out. Gen. Curtis is at Fort Riley.

     The above is from the station agent of the Leavenworth and Fort Riley stage company, stationed at Junction City. It will be observed that their own line has not been molested, but that the depredations of the Indians are restricted to the Kansas City and Santa Fe mail route. This fact is in itself a sufficient commentary upon the impolicy of the Post-office Department in continuing the later route, when every consideration of economy, safety and speed demand that its terminus should be changed to Leavenworth. We recently presented some brief suggestions in regard to this matter and to-day copy a timely and vigorous article upon the same subject from the Junction City Union. Every citizen of Leavenworth should feel interested in this matter, and a direct and forcible appeal should at once be made through the proper channel to the Post-office Department, for the reform in question.
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Since the foregoing article was in type we have received the following official communication:

     Headquarters, Department of KANS.,
     Fort Leavenworth, July 27, 1864.
     Messrs. Wilder & Weightman:
     I have received dispatches from the region of Fort Larned, stating that the Indians have attacked our trains and destroyed a large amount of stores on the Santa Fe road, and are murdering the whites wherever found. Gen. Curtis is collecting and organizing militia to aid in pursuing and exterminating these savages.
     Very respectfully your obed't servant,
     C. S. Charlot, Maj. and A. A. G.
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
     The following is an extract from a letter received yesterday by J. C. Irwin, Government freighter, dated Council Grove, July 24:

     "Letters were received here to-day from Crenshaw, Wheeler, and others, on Cow Creek, that they had their trains corralled and had been beseiged for five days. Their stock was killed whenever let out to graze, or for water, or run off. One train at another place had lost nearly all theirs. Some ten or twelve men are also reported to have been killed. The mail stock has been taken as far in as Cottonwood."

     The Santa Fe trains above referred to as having been captured are supposed to be those of George Bryan, Ambrozio Armijo, Jesus M. Luna, Vicente Otero, and Lauriano Jaramillo. All except the first named left here on the 5th of July. They loaded at Fort Leavenworth.

Memorial Weekend At Fort Larned National Historic Site
     The tentative schedule of events at Fort Larned on May 25, 26, and 27, follows (subject to change if necessary):
     10:00 am -- Forge and Anvil: The Post Blacksmith
     11:00 am -- Waltzes, Reels & Polkas: 19th-Century Dance Lessons
     12:00 pm -- Dress up and go to School (Kids' Program in the Post School)
     1:00 pm -- Weapons of the Frontier Army. Artillery and Small Arms Firing Demonstration
     2:00 pm -- Hancock's War: A Cutlural Misunderstanding
     3:00 pm -- "Herbs, Radishes and Beans, Oh My!" Historic Gardening at Fort Larned
     4:30 pm -- Flag Retreat

     Visitors are welcome to come and go throughout the weekend. Memorial weekend is one of the major living-history events at Fort Larned.

New Memberships
     Fort Larned Old Guard welcomes the following new members:
     Kathleen Foster, 734 R5 Rd, Pawnee Rock KS 67567
     Dennis & Lou Reid, 14008 W Highland Springs Ct., Wichita KS 67235
     Chris Rein, 2900 Williamsburg Terr #P204, Platte City MO 64079

Calendar
     May 25-27, 2019: Memorial Weekend Living-History Programs at Fort Larned National Historic Site
     June 2, 2019: Dedication of Leander Herron Medal of Honor Marker, Dodge City Chapter of the Santa Fe Trail Association, meet for lunch at Dodge House Restaurant, 2408 Wyatt Earp Blvd, 1:00 p.m., followed by program about Herron, then travel to location of the marker for dedication.

Deadline For Next Issue: August 1, 2019

     Notice: If you would prefer to receive OUTPOST as a pdf file via email to save paper and postage, please send a note to the editor at {oliva@ruraltel.net}. You will see color photos in color and may print out the newsletter if you want a hard copy. Thank you.

Membership Reminder
     Annual memberships in the Fort Larned Old Guard expire on December 31. If you have not renewed for 2017, please send dues to membership chair Linda Peters, 1035 S Bridge St, Lakin KS 67860. Additional donations are always welcome to assist with projects of the Old Guard. Thank you so much for all your support!!!

Fort Larned Old Guard Contact Information
     The officers, members of the board of directors, dues information and email's are listed on this page of Information. Please feel free to contact any of us.

Schedule of Annual Events
     True to life stories of the Indian Wars along the Santa Fe Trail, brought to life by some of the greatest volunteers in the West. . . ! Visit the most complete Indian fort surviving from the days when Custer and Buffalo Bill Cody rode through this part of the West on their missions. Original restored buildings to that time period, a visitor center, Park Rangers will guide you through this adventure of the Old West.

     Memorial Day Weekend (Saturday, Sunday & Monday) largest living history event in western Kansas - experience a working frontier fort.

     Labor Day Weekend (Saturday, Sunday, & Monday) Re-enactors bring Fort Larned back to life for the holiday weekend.

     Candlelight Tour (2nd Saturday of October) Entertaining evening tours with vignettes from the fort's history.

     Christmas Open House (2nd Saturday of December) Old-fashioned Yuletide celebration with hot apple cider, cookies and Christmas carols.

     Fort Larned National Historic Site is a unit of the U.S. National Park Service located six miles west of Larned on Kansas Highway 156. Open 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p. m. daily, the park's Visitor Center/Museum and all furnished buildings are admission free. Information on Fort Larned may be found at {www.National Park Service.gov/fols}, by calling 620-285-6911, or by sending email to {fols_superintendent@National Park Service.gov}.




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