Best Preserved Frontier Fort in the West Fort Larned Old Guard Newsletter
Volume 30, Number 1 ~*~ Best Preserved Frontier Fort in the West ~*~ Summer 2019

Latino Conservation Week At Fort Larned NHS
by Sienna Cordoba, Latino Heritage Intern

Margarita Ayala with the Mariachi Los Reyes Band from Wichita
     Fort Larned celebrated Latino Conservation Week with a very special and entertaining living-history event on Saturday, July 20. The Fort provided interpretive programs to connect the public with the story of Latinos who spent time at the Fort during their commercial travels on the Santa Fe Trail from 1859 to 1878. The event also emphasized the importance of environmental stewardship by creating a gigantic Monarch Butterfly habitat. Kids of all ages launched one thousand Butterfly Weed Seed-Balls into the prairie as a Mariachi band played.

     Monarch caterpillars feed exclusively on plants in the Milkweed family, like Butterfly Weed. Most Monarchs east of the Rocky Mountains migrate to the oyamel fir forests, ten thousand feet above sea level in the mountains of Michoacan in Central Mexico every winter. No other butterflies migrate like the Monarchs of North America. They travel up to three thousand miles en masse to the same winter roosts every year. Unlike birds and whales, individuals only make the round-trip once. It is their children's grandchildren who make the return trip--a very symbolic and beautiful migration for our local Latino community to identify with.

     Fort Larned held this remarkable event because we want our youth to enjoy their beautiful outdoor historic spaces. These public lands belong to all of us. Once we have visited these amazing and off-the-beaten-path places, seen the wildlife, and learned the history, we know we must act to protect these lands, the air, and water for future generations. Twenty-five kids became brand new Fort Larned Junior Rangers Saturday!

     Mariachi Los Reyes from Wichita and the Ballet Folklorico from Great Bend High School combined living-history forces with the Fort's blacksmiths and officers' wives to portray a vibrant and diverse 1868 experience for visitors. Naturalist Barry Jones, Park Ranger Ellen Jones, and the Barton County Conservation District led educational nature conservation activities. Kids broke open geodes and owl pellets, made pollinator and butterfly crafts, and learned what we can do to protect our local environment.

     "It was a fabulous representation of Hispanic culture," said Park Ranger Celeste Dixon. "We were very excited to be able to highlight our connection to Hispanic history in this area."

     Launched in 2014 by the Hispanic Access Foundation, Latino Conservation Week, July 13-21, celebrated with more than 150 events across the country last year. This is the first time Fort Larned has participated in Latino Conservation Week.

Fort Larned NHS Receives Open
Outdoors Transportation Grant
by Ellen Jones, Park Ranger

     This is the second consecutive year the Fort has become a recipient of the Open Outdoors for Kids Transportation Grant and the eighth consecutive year we assisted area school districts with the costs of field trips to the Fort. The Fort Larned Old Guard is our partner in seeking and obtaining these grants, so perhaps our newsletter readers would like to see the progression over the years. The titles of the grant programs have changed but all have been made possible through supporters of the National Park Foundation (NPF). NPF works toward engaging students of all ages in the outdoor wonders of our National Parks.
     2012-2013 Ticket to Ride $4,500
     2013-2014 Ticket to Ride $8,000
     2014-2015 Ticket to Ride $8,000
     2015-2016 Every Kid in the Park $8,000 4th Grade Only
     2016-2017 Every Kid in the Park $9,000 4th Grade Only
     2017-2018 Every Kid in the Park $8,000 4th Grade Only
     2018-2019 Open Outdoors for Kids $10,000
2019-2020 Open Outdoors for Kids $10,000

     Although the Every Kid in the Park grant was for 4th-grade students, several smaller schools, for example Chase Elementary, brought the entire school. The district was able to receive bus money because the 4th graders were on that field trip.

     The largest amount of funds to apply for is $10,000 and the Fort has been fortunate enough to receive the full amount. We use every cent of these grants. The amount bestowed on a school district depends on how far a bus travels to the Fort and how many buses are used. A school coming from 65 miles away with two buses, like Sunnyside Elementary in Dodge City, can receive up to $600.00

     Last school year the Fort saw close to 1,300 students. Most of these field trips are in October, March, April, and May.

     This year's theme for the education program is "The Technology of For Larned." Students are invited to imagine and explore technologies of the 19th century. From the blacksmith's tracing wheel to the wagon wheel odometer, from the tripod camera to the washboard and lye soap, students will use tools from the past to capture the essence of daily life at Fort Larned.

     The Old Guard oversees and distributes the funds at the end of each school year. More information on the program will be in the next issue of OUTPOST.

FLOG Chair's Column
by Janet Armstead

     It has certainly been an interesting year at Fort Larned! May ended with an abundance of rain. Memorial Day found the Fort closed due to high water. That Monday morning found me with 56 fifth-and-sixth-grade students and 21 adults starting our 10-day Santa Fe Trail trip. As we headed for Pawnee Rock, I called our next two stops to let them know we were running on time. The Santa Fe Trai Center was ready for our visit. They went out of their way to open that morning as they are usually closed on Monday. I called the fort and reached Ranger Celeste Dixon. She informed me that we could not tour the Fort as all roads into the Fort were underwater.

     The entrance to Fort Larned is ahead on the left of Hwy 156, underwater.

     Upon arriving at the Santa Fe Trail Center, who should be there? Ranger Dixon! In true cooperative spirit, the Trail Center had given her some space and time to visit with the students about Fort Larned, so they could still earn their Junior Ranger Badge and continue work on the Junior Wagon Master program. The Trai Center folks adjusted their time and stayed longer than planned. This allowed half of our group to look at and experience the sod house and railroad depot outside while the other half studied the displays inside. My thanks to all the Trail Center staff and Ranger Dixon for helping our kids.

     Candlelight tour is going to be here before you know it. We hope to see you at the Fort October 12. Be sure to make reservations on September 30. What adventure do they have in store for us this year?

Superintendent's Corner
by Betty Boyko

     Summer came slowly to Fort Larned this year. An unusually cool and wet spring culminated in a two-day closure starting on Memorial Day due to flooding of the park entrance road. Now the heat is up, the land is dried out, and the summer season is in full swing.

     The park management team met with the exhibit fabrication contractor in June and we are really excited to announce that the actual installation of the exhibits is scheduled for early December. Tentative plans for a Grand Opening in late April are being formulated.

     We've had several interns at the Fort over the last year and very much appreciate their contributions in developing and supporting new programs and activities. Ethan Grennan, who was here for ten months through the Student Conservation Association did work on the restored prairie and butterfly habitat project in the fenced off area in the parking lot area. He also installed new bat houses designed to encourage the bats to roost there and not in the historic buildings. Sienna Cordoba, who is part of the Latino Heritage Internship Program, came to us in June and is working on outreach to the surrounding Hispanic communities. Barrett Young, a longtime park volunteer with his parents, spent four weeks here from late May to early July working on additions to the Fort's mobile tour. Barrett's internship was part of his communications degree program at Pittsburg State University. All of their contributions are enormously important as they support engaging our youth, learning about the different cultures that are such an important aspect of Fort Larned's story, and managing natural resources.

     Fort Larned had been actively reaching out to disabled veterans in the surrounding area through a partnership with the Veterans Administration to hand out American the Beautiful Access passes to disabled vets. Park staff traveled to the Dodge City and Hays VA clinics, as well as the Robert J. Dole VA Medical Center in Wichita.

Ranger Cleste Dixon Handing Access Cards at Wichita Event
     Thank you to all our interns, volunteers, and Old Guard members who support us in so many ways. We couldn't do our work without you!

Fort Larned Roll Call:
Ben Long
     (Ben Long is a new Park Ranger at Fort Larned NHS and provides the following introduction. Welcome to Fort Larned and forgive a bit of levity: Ben Long not been here long.)

     As with any extensive introduction, a tidbit of backstory is needed. My name is Ben Long. I was born and raised in upstate New York (Albany area) and from a fairly early age, I determined that I wanted to be a National Park Ranger. Being just a forty-minute drive from Saratoga National Historical Park, I started volunteering at the age of fifteen. After a few years, they decided to make me the Eastern National bookstore manager. Then, starting in the summer of 2016, I worked seasonally with the National Park Service. My first National Park Service job was in Yellowstone National Park, followed by Acadia National Park, and then Cape Hatteras National Seashore where I worked at the Bodie Island Lighthouse.

     My passion in the National Park Service has evolved from a passion for the Batles of Saratoga, to a love of history in the National Parks, to now a passion for the National Park Service mission. I do believe that there is a reason we take tax dollars to preserve over 400 National Park Service sites. Each National Park is there for a reason and that reason is as one of our national treasures. The division of interpretation is, for me, a platform to pass this passion for each one of our national treasures onto the public. After all, if it wasn't for the public, we would not be here.

     While this is my first time at Fort Larned National Historic Site and my first time setting foot in Kansas, I have enjoyed it thus far. I look forward to meeting all sorts of new faces as well as inspiring people within and without the amazing National Park that is Fort Larned National Historic Site.

Volunteer Roll Call: Jack Cox
by Ellen Jones, Park Ranger

     Jack Cox, a Northern Calfirornia native, has been volunteering at the front desk in the Visitor Center for four days a week since April. He orients the visitors with an overview of the Fort's history, encourages them to view the 10-minute film, and never fails to announce the Junior Ranger Program to families. This may account for the rise in the number of Junior Rangers taking part in the activities, including the pledge. Jack has helped the program flourish over the past four months. We are fortunate to have him volunteering through Labor Day weekend.

     On some Saturdays Jack volunteers as a carpenter, adding to the living history Fort Larned offers each weekend. Saturdays are the best in visitor attendance which makes it a great day for Jack to step outside the Visitor Center and show his skills at woodworking. He recently completed building a wooden storage box that soldiers would have, this one being unique with a tray insert. Designated as Post Surgeon William Forwood's personal box, it is constructed beautifully. The Army didn't have foot lockers until 1871.

     Jack was a navigator in the Navy and then completed college courses from Sacramento State University, earning a degree in psychology. Listening to people's problems was not in the cards for Jack. He enjoyed a successful career in sales of printing equipment. He is now a full-time RV traveler and volunteers for federal, state, and county agencies.

     When asked to share one of his favorite experiences volunteering over the past nine years, Jack doesn't hesitate. Yaquina Lighthouse is on the coast of Newport, Oregon, and managed by the Bureau of Land Management. Jack dressed in period clothing and interpreted lighthouse topics for visitors, such as the importance of having lighthouses. As a former navigator he described the tidal pulls for visitors and the indigenous creatures a tidal pull brought in like clams, starfish, and sea urchins. This is a place where harbor seals grace the waters and visitors are in awe of the migrating whales.

     Fort Larned has a unique story and Jack has learned a vast amount of that history quickly. He is thoroughly enjoying the Midwest. He has taken the seven-hour drive to visit his son and family which includes two grandchildren. They reside in the Denver area, closer to them than he's been in a while.

     If asked what he likes about Fort Larned he immediately answers, "The people. Everyone is friendly, knowledgeable, and helpful." Jack feels our Fort's staff is genuine and dedicated to the park mission in comparison to his past experiences with other national parks. Jack has a great quote too. "No matter where you are from or what you do, it is the effort you put into your enjoyment that matters. Own your own happiness." You are a good role model, Jack, and an excellent volunteer."

Volunteer Roll Call: Haynes Jones
by Pete Bethke, Post Blacksmith

     Haynes Jones, who prefers to be called "Jones," has been volunteering as an apprentice in the blacksmith shop since the week before Memorial Day weekend. He was born in Henderson, North Carolina, and raised in Denver, North Carolina. Prior to coming to Fort Larned, he was a welder and a fabricator. These skills made it easy for him to move into the blacksmith shop and develop those skills to demonstrate to Fort visitors. The blacksmith shop is a favorite place for visitors to stop and enjoy the skills during living-history events, seeing how items were fabricated at the frontier military post.

     Jones has been working with the maintenance division at the Fort for three years. He has always enjoyed working with metals and has considered learning how to blacksmith. This year the opportunity arose for him to finally step into the role of apprentice. This summer he has been learning the basics and steadily progressing to increasingly difficult techniques. He has been making hooks, chains, and more difficult items such as tongs.

     In the time that Jones has spent here at Fort Larned, he has developed an interest and respect for the Fort and its history. He enjoys learning as he goes. Jones is one of the best apprentices I have worked with, making this a very enjoyable summer. I invite all to come by the shop and watch his progress.

My Volunteer Internship At Fort Larned
by Barrett Young

     My name is Barrett Young from Paola KS and I was an intern at Fort Larned NHS, May 15-July 5, as part of my college course work. I am a student at Pittsburg State University, majoring in communications and an emphasis in broadcasting and minor in history. I will graduate in December 2019.

     As part of my internship, I have updated and revised Fort Larned's portion of the Santa Fe Trail cellphone tour, along with doing something that I really love--living history--by portraying a soldier in the barracks, assisting the blacksmith, and interacting with visitors. I also helped with museum and exhibit inventory. I chose to do my internship here because I have volunteered here with my parents since 2009.

     We enjoy coming out every Memorial Day Weekend to help bring the Fort to life as well as getting together with all of the other volunteers. I usually portray a soldier and assist with the artillery and black powder demonstrations as well as flag raising and retreat. I also volunteer at Fort Scott NHS helping with artillery and black powder demonstrations, cavalry drills, color guard, education programs, and a number of other activities. My goal is to visit as many of the National Parks as possible. So far my list includes over 380 of the 417 sites. I am not sure what my career path will be but I hope it will include my passion for historic interpretation.

Fort Larned's Company A, 10th Cavalry Weapons
by Sam Young, Fort Larned NHS Volunteer

     Company A, Tenth Cavalry Regiment, commanded by Captain Nicholas Nolan, was stationed at Fort Larned from 1867-1869. The Tenth was one of six regular army regiments created after the Civil War to be manned by black soldiers and white officers. These African-American soldiers soon acquired the nickname "Buffalo Soldiers."

     While the quality of the uniforms, equipment, and horses issued these soldiers was substandard compared to that issued to the white soldier regiments, their carbines and revolvers were of equal worth. They were issued the Spencer carbine and the Colt revolver.

     The Spencer is a lever action, falling-block, breech-loading, seven-shot, .52 caliber carbine (or rifle), with a detachable seven-round capacity tube magazine. The Spencer shoots an internally-primed metallic-cased .56-56 Rimfire cartridge. Its rate of fire is 14-20 rounds per minute. If a Blakeslee Carttidge Box is issued with the Spencer, a sustained rate of fire can be attained. Blakeslee Cartridge Boxes were made to hold six, ten, or thirteen metal tubes, each holding seven Spencer cartridges. I do not know if Company A Buffalo Soldiers were issued Blakeslee Cartridges Boxes.

     1865 Spencer Carbine {www.taylorsfirearms.com}

     56-56 Spencer Cartridge {https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.56-56_Spencer}

     Blakeslee Cartridge Box; {http://www.civilwar.si.edu/weapons_blakeslee.html}

     The Spencer's high rate of fire by a small number of men against a much larger foe armed with, in most cases, single-shot rifles and bows and arrows usually put the odds in favor of those armed with the Spencer.

     The revolver issued to the Buffalo Soldiers was the six-shot single-action Colt cap and ball.44 caliber 1860 Army revolver. It had an eight-inch barrel. The Colt 1860 Army revolver was the standard issue handgun during the Civil War and was much used in the West following the Civil War.

     Colt 1860 Army Revolver; A History of Colt's Cap and Ball Revolver. {www.wideopenspaces.com/history-colts-cap-ball-revolvers-pics/}

     Additionally, the Buffalo Soldiers were issued the U. S. Model 1861 Light Cavalry Sabre. The blade is 34 & 5/8 inches long. The scabbard is browned instead of shinny.

     References: {www.nramuseum.org}; The Cavalry Journal, December 2008; {www.civilwarsmithsonian}; The Horse Soldier 1776-1943, Volume II; and Wikipedia.

The Enlisted Men Of Company C, Third Infantry
Part XV - Terrance Corbitt
by Celeste Dixon, Park Ranger

     (Fort Larned's main interpretive year is 1868, which is the year the stone buildings were completed. Company C, 3rd U. S. Infantry, was stationed at Fort Larned during that year and part of the research for the restoration of the barracks and hospital building was finding out information for most of these enlisted men. That information was compiled in the Historic Furnishings Study: Enlisted Men's Barracks and Post Hospital, HS-2. Here is the fifthteenth installment in a series on the enlisted men whose information is included in that report. There are no photos available for these enlisted soldiers.)

     Terrance Corbitt, enlisted at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania on March 27, 1867. He started the year on company duty for most of January 1868, except for 10 days when he was sick in the barracks with neuralgia from the 3rd to the 13th.

     In February, he started out on company duty until the 11th, when he transferred to the Quartermaster Department for extra duty as a teamster. He remained in that job until June 15 when he was promoted to an artificer and began working as a blacksmith for the Quartermaster Department until the end of September, when he returned to company duty.

     Pvt. Corbitt remained on company duty for the rest of the year with two exceptions. On December 14 he reported to sick call with diarrhea and spent two days in the barracks recovering. On December 23 he carried out a one-day sentence imposed by a garrison court-martial.

     He was court-martialed on December 22, along with 35 other enlisted men, for his participation in a protest over the quality of the rations they were receiving. On December 11, these men all signed a letter, without the permission of the company commander, to the post commander complaining about the food. He was sentenced to the loss of one month's pay, and had to walk in a 35-foot-diameter circle for 24 hours carrying a 20-pound log. His rations during that period were bread and water.

     Corbitt was court-martialed again the following year in March for a more serious charge. He was involved in a fight that took place between two other men in Company C. On the night of March 4, 1869, Corp. Thomas Jones threatened Corp. Henry Ross, who had beaten a private named James McCafferty. When Corbitt also heard about it he asked, "Did Ross do that? Did he strike him (McCafferty)?" When told yes, he said, "Where is my gun? I'll lay him (meaning Ross) out." Corbitt also threatened to "lay out" Capt. James Snyder with a brick if he tried to take him to the blockhouse. According to the charges against him, Corbitt's statements were participation in a company mutiny along with Corp. Jones. Although Jones was found guilty, Corbitt was not.

     There is no further information on record for Private Corbitt. His record while at Fort Larned could be considered somewhat typical for many soldiers. While he had a mostly good record, the poor food and conditions soldiers found on these frontier army posts, prompted him to protest. The incident with Corp. Ross was also most likely the result of tensions resulting from a large number of men living in the confined space of the enlisted barracks.

Fort Larned At Salt CIty Pride In Hutchinson
by Sienna Cordoba, Latino Heritage Intern
     It is thrilling to connect and share how our communities are moving forward. The idea of moving forward can be quite poignant for those of us who spend so much of our day thinking about the past! But it is very exciting to remember how fast the world and our laws can change and how quickly we can turn things around if we work together.

     In 1969, homosexual and transgender activities were illegal in many places, including New York City. It is remarkable to think that New York City, today a mecca for the LGBTQ+ community, just 50 years ago jailed people for going to gay bars. Throughout the sixties, gay bars were mainly run by the mafia and paid bribes to the police to keep their establishments from being raided. When bars were raided, police often did so early enough so that business could resume and often only arrested those in full drag. Until a raid at the Stonewall Inn on June 28, 1969, did not go as usual! Now 2019 commemorates the 50th anniversary of the Stonewall Uprising, a riot that pushed back against the criminalization of being gay and won.

     The weekend of June 28-30 I was able to attend the Salt City PRIDE in Hutchinson, which embodied to me the perfect celebration of the Stonewall Uprising. There was definitely as sense of "still marching" and had none of the over-privileged, over-ripened party vibe that is so prevalent in some of the nation's larger PRIDE events. That's not to say we didn't have fun! But there was a somberness on some level, an instantaneous feeling of community and a commitment to social justice that made me feel extremely fortunate to be in attendance and representing Fort Larned and the Latino community.

     I set up the Fort's "Hispanic Caravan on the Santa Fe Trail" traveling exhibit complete with our Jose Gurule mannequin, coffee grinder, rubber tortillas and beans, water snake skin, sheep's wool, and some other fun 19th-century toys. I talked to over 200 people about Fort Larned, the Hispanic history of this area and our upcoming "Migration is Beautiful" event on July 20. I was in a room that had such a vast diversity of exhibits: a woman doing on the spot marriages, a live action drag makeup booth, the Gender Sexuality Alliance club from Hutchinson Community College, a homeless advocacy group, a table selling unicorn horns that glued onto the center of your forehead, and more! I wore my 1860s hoop skirt on Saturday and our whole setup was such a hit across the board--it was a truly excellent experience.

Intern Ethan Grennan
Headed To Grad School

     You may remember Ethan Grennan, an intern from the Student Conservation Association (SCA). He was introduced in the Winter 2019 issue of OUTPOST as a biology student working for 10 months at Fort Larned. He accomplished many projects, all of which assisted the park's mission of protecting and preserving natural and historical resources. The two projects he focused on with success were improving the landscape for park visitors through a Landscape Restoration Project overseen by Tracy Cudworth, Project Manager/Landscape Architect (RLA, PMP), National Park Service, Denver Service Center, and monitoring the bat population at the Fort for White-Nose Syndrome. He built and placed 11 bat houses on the Fort's property in attempt to wean the bats from seeking shelter in and on the buildings. Ethan completed his internship on July 14.

     We are pleased to announce that Ethan has been accepted into a graduate program at Fort Hays State University. He will be a graduate teaching assistant while earning a Master's Degree in Biology.

Maintenance Matters
by William Chapman, Facility Manager

     We have been very busy keeping the Fort as best preserved as we can. We have new faces as part of the maintenance team and said farewell to others. We welcome Tyler Blind and Dylan Wazniack to the team and say farewell to Christopher Lara and SCA Laci Rotz. Tyler is a seasonal maintenance worker; he will be painting exterior surfaces, assisting on the renovations of the exhibit gallery, and installing new markers for the History/Nature trail.

     We have recovered from the flooding with minimal damage in the fort but experienced major damage to the park entrance road and vegetation in the picnic area. Water entered a building in the fort area through the underground electrical service. This was contained but some boxes and other items in storage were damaged. Excess water killed the Lilac bushes near the comfort station and on the east side of the picnic area. Other bushes affected are trying to come back. The double culverts at the park entrance at highway 156 were not in good condition and the force of the water broke through the top of the culverts causing erosion of the road base. This was discovered when Tyler was operating a mower near the area and found a sink hole. When investigated, erosion of the road bed was found. We quickly worked with K-DOT on the replacement of these culverts.

     Haynes Jones, who works with the maintenance staff during the week, now also works weekends in the blacksmith shop assisting the legendary "Pete." See article about Jones in this issue.

     The company streets have been resurfaced with natural pavement Stabilizer(TM) and a color-matching aggregate. This is the same material that was installed in 2009-2010. It provides a hardened surface that is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). This project lasted three weeks and was completed shortly after the Fourth of July event.

     The Commanding Officer's Quarters will have window work completed this year. A contract was awarded to a firm out of Lenexa, Kansas, for this work. The Notice to Proceed is awaiting contracting officer approval.

     Contracted work of custom-made doors for the new exhibits is still ongoing, which impacts our division and the need to complete the work on our end. The alteration of the southern half of the new exhibit gallery walls and the ceiling modification are completed. We also installed the window-scenes panel and the Buffalo Soldier video display. Lighting and electrical modification have been completed on this side as well.

     We will be recruiting to fill the custodian position in early September. The announcement will be posted on USAJOB.gov.

Fort Larned In The News
     Solicitation for Bids for Beef and Wood at Fort Larned, The Smoky Hill and Republican Union (Junction City), August 20, 1864.

     (Some commissary and quartermaster supplies were solicited by bids to be delivered to Fort Larned, in the advertisements below for beef on the hoof and for wood. Note the requirements include that bidders must be "loyal," meaning loyal to the Union.)

PROPOSALS FOR BEEF CATTLE
Commissary's Office,
Fort Larned, Kansas, Aug. 10, 1864
     Sealed proposals will be received at this office until the 1st day of September, 1864, at 12 o'clock, M., for furnishing the Subsistence Department with
     150 HEAD OF BEEF CATTLE to be delivered on the hoof, all to be steers, in good healthy condition, between four and seven years old, and not to weigh less than 600 lbs. each, excluding necks, shanks and kidney tallow.

     The bids will state the price per net pound at which the Beef will be delivered.

     No bids will be considered for less than the whole number. Seventy-five head to be delivered on or before the 30th day of September, 1864, the remainder by the 15th day of October, 1864.

     Endorsed upon the proposals must be the signatures of a least two responsible sureties, who will thus agree to become sureties upon the contract.

     Proposals must be marked on the outside, "Proposals for Beef Cattle," and addressed to the A. A. C. S. at Fort Larned, Kansas. The contract will be awarded to the lowest responsible bidder. All bidders must be present at the opening of the proposals and proposals from persons not known to be loyal, or bidders not present to respond to their bids will not be considered. The undersigned reserves the right to reject any or all bids.

     Terms of Contract- -Cash or Government Vouchers on delivery.

     Contract subject to the approval of Chief Commissary, Department of Kansas.
          W. D. Crocker,
          1st Lieut. 9th Wis. Bat., A. A. C. S.

PROPOSALS FOR WOOD
Office of the A. A. Q. M.
Fort Larned, Kas., Aug. 1, '64
Sealed proposals will be received at this office until the 20th day of August, 1864, at 12 o'clock M., for furnishing the Quartermaster's Department with FIVE HUNDRED (500) CORDS OF GOOD MERCHANTABLE WOOD
To be properly piled and delivered at Fort Larned, Kansas.

     The delivery of the wood to commence on the 20th day of September, 1864, and the whole to be delivered by the 1st day of December, 1864.

     None of the wood is to be cut within three miles either way of the Post.

     Endorsed upon the Proposals must be the signatures of at least two responsible sureties, who will thus agree to become sureties upon the contract. Proposals must be marked outside, "Proposals for Wood," and addressed to the A. A. Q. M. at Fort Larned, Kansas. The contract will be awarded to the lowest responsible bidder.

     All bidders must be present at the opening of the proposals, and proposals not known to be loyal or bidder not present will not be considered.

     Terms of Contract- -Cash or Government Vouchers on delivery.

     Contract subject to approval of the Chief Quartermaster, Department of Kansas
          W. E. Crocker,
          1st Lt. 9th Wis. Bat., A. A. Q. M.

Upcoming Events At Fort Larned NHS
     Fort Larned NHS will host Labor Day Weekend activities August 31, September 1 and 2. Living history demonstrations and activities will be held all three days of the event from 8:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Barracks life, blacksmith demonstrations, cannon firing, and ladies on officers' row are slated for this year's celebration. Admission is free.

     The Candlelight Tour is always the second Saturday in October. Mark your calendars for October 12. The Candlelight Tour is one of the Fort's most popular living-history events and it is free. Visitors are able to see the Fort after dark with only candlelight to illuminate the buildings. Reservations for the tours are required and will be taken starting Monday, September 30, at 8:30 a.m. If you are interested in volunteering for this event, call 620-285-6911.

Calendar
     August 31-September 2, 2019: Labor Day Weekend activities, 8:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. each day. Free admission.

September 30, 2019:
     Reservations for Candlelight tour (required to attend a tour) opens at 8:30 a.m. and remains open until the tours are filled. A waiting list will be available in case of cancellations. Call 620-285-6911.

October 12, 2019:
     Fort Larned Old Guard Board meeting during the afternoon, followed by the Candlelight Tour in the evening (reservations required for the tour).

     Visitors are welcome to come and go throughout the weekend. Memorial weekend is one of the major living-history events at Fort Larned.

New Memberships
     Fort Larned Old Guard welcomes the following new members:
     Kathleen Foster, 734 R5 Rd, Pawnee Rock KS 67567
     Dennis & Lou Reid, 14008 W Highland Springs Ct., Wichita KS 67235
     Chris Rein, 2900 Williamsburg Terr #P204, Platte City MO 64079

DEADLINE FOR NEXT ISSUE: November 1, 2019

     Notice: If you would prefer to receive OUTPOST as a pdf file via email to save paper and postage, please send a note to the editor at {oliva@ruraltel.net}. You will see color photos in color and may print out the newsletter if you want a hard copy. Thank you.

Membership Reminder
     Annual memberships in the Fort Larned Old Guard expire on December 31. If you have not renewed for 2017, please send dues to membership chair Linda Peters, 1035 S Bridge St, Lakin KS 67860. Additional donations are always welcome to assist with projects of the Old Guard. Thank you so much for all your support!!!

Fort Larned Old Guard Contact Information
     The officers, members of the board of directors, dues information and email's are listed on this page of Information. Please feel free to contact any of us.

Schedule of Annual Events
     True to life stories of the Indian Wars along the Santa Fe Trail, brought to life by some of the greatest volunteers in the West. . . ! Visit the most complete Indian fort surviving from the days when Custer and Buffalo Bill Cody rode through this part of the West on their missions. Original restored buildings to that time period, a visitor center, Park Rangers will guide you through this adventure of the Old West.

     Memorial Day Weekend (Saturday, Sunday & Monday) largest living history event in western Kansas - experience a working frontier fort.

     Labor Day Weekend (Saturday, Sunday, & Monday) Re-enactors bring Fort Larned back to life for the holiday weekend.

     Candlelight Tour (2nd Saturday of October) Entertaining evening tours with vignettes from the fort's history.

     Christmas Open House (2nd Saturday of December) Old-fashioned Yuletide celebration with hot apple cider, cookies and Christmas carols.

     Fort Larned National Historic Site is a unit of the U.S. National Park Service located six miles west of Larned on Kansas Highway 156. Open 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p. m. daily, the park's Visitor Center/Museum and all furnished buildings are admission free. Information on Fort Larned may be found at {www.National Park Service.gov/fols}, by calling 620-285-6911, or by sending email to {fols_superintendent@National Park Service.gov}.




Santa Fe Trail Research Site

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