Mail Station & The Military
Pawnee Fork Crossing

"Footnotes"

  1. Letter from Jacob Thompson to Charles E. Mix, April 27, 1859, "Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, Upper Arkansas Agency, 1855-1864," Microcopy 234, Roll 878, National Archives Microfilm Publications, referred to hereafter as "Upper Arkansas Agency Letters."

  2. Letter from W. W. Bent to A. M. Robinson, December 17, 1858, ibid.

  3. Letter from W. W. Bent to A. M. Robinson, July 23, 1859, ibid.

  4. Henry Pickering Walker, The Wagonmaster; High Plains Freighting From the Earliest Days of the Santa Fe Trail to 1880 (Norman, University of Oklahoma Press, 1966), pp. 145-149.

  5. Letter from Joseph Holt to William R. Drinkard, August 4, 1859, "Letters Received by the Office of the Adjutant General (Main Series)," Microcopy 567, Roll 603, National Archives Microfilm Publications, referred to herafter as "Letters Received."

  6. Letter from William R. Drinkard to Joseph Holt, August 4, 1859, ibid.

  7. Holt spoke of an unbroken distance of 150 miles, a figure considerably in excess of the distance from Walnut Creek to the Fort Atkinson Site, which appears to be the stretch he had in mind. Letter from Joseph Holt to Jacob Thompson, August 1, 1859, ibid.

  8. Letter from William R. Drinkard to Joseph Holt, August 4, 1859, ibid.

  9. Letter from Colonel Sumner to the Adjutant General, August 10, 1859, and letter from Captain De Saussure to Cpt. D. R. Jones, September 26, 1859, ibid.

  10. Louise Barry, Kansas Before 1854; A Revised Annals," pt. 21, The Kansas Historical Quarterly, v. 32 (Winter, 1966), p. 459.

  11. Route No. 10532, "Register of Star Mail Routes," Missouri Section, p. 355, Record Group No. 28, National Archives; letter from Jacob Hall to Colonel Sumner, September 3, 1859, "Letters Received."

  12. Letter from Captain De Saussure to Captain Jones, September 26, 1859, ibid.

  13. Letter from Major Donaldson to Captain De Saussure, September 21, 1859, from Captain Walker to Captain De Saussure, September 23, 1859, from Captain De Saussure To Captain Jones, September 26, 1859, ibid.

  14. Stagecoach is a term purposely avoided in this paper because of its common association with the Concord coach or mudwagon. The evidence is quite clear that Hall and Porter used wagons of various kinds, particulary the ambulance type.

  15. Affidvet of William Cole, October 8, 1859, "Letters Received." An account of this attack on a mail stage appeared, with minor varations, in the Weekly Border Star, Westport, Mo., October 8, 1859, and the Kansas City (Mo.) Daily Western Journal of Commerce, October 8, 1859. See, also, James Brice, Reminiscences of Ten Years Experience of the Western Plains: How the United States Mails Were Carried Before Railroads Reached the Santa Fe Trail (Kansas City, Missouri, n. p., n. d.), pp. 4, 5.

  16. Letter from William Butze to Jacob Hall, September 30, 1859, and affidavit of William Cole, October 8, 1859, "Letters Received."

  17. Letter from William Butze to Jacob Hall, September 30, 1859, ibid.

  18. Letter from William Butze to Hall and Porter, October 1, 1859, ibid.

  19. Letter from William Butze to Hall and Porter, October 1, 1859, and affidavit of William Cole, October 8, 1859, ibid.

  20. Letter from Jacob Hall to Colonel Sumner, October 9, 1859, ibid.; letter from Joseph Holt to Jacob Thompson, October 7, 1859, "Upper Arkansas Agency Letters."

  21. Letter from William Butze to Jacob Hall, October 1, 1859, "Letters Received,"

  22. Letter from Jacob Hall to Colonel Sumner October 9, 1859, ibid.; letter from Joseph Holt to Jacob Thompson, October 7, 1859, "Upper Arkansas Agency Letters."

  23. This was one of several names used interchangeably by the firm perhaps best known as Russell, Majors, and Waddell. See Raymond W. and Mary Lund Settle, War Drums and Wagon Wheels: The Story of Russell, Majors, and Waddel (Lincoln, University of Nebraska Press, 1966) pp. 44, 46, 47; also, Walker, The Wagonmasters, p. 68.

  24. Letter from Jacob Hall to Colonel Sumner, October 9, 1859, "Letters Received."

  25. Biographical Dictionary of the American Congress, 1774-1961 (Washington, Government Printing Office, 1961), p. 1848. Woodson doubtless was the same man who was awarded the first mail contract from Independence to Salt Lake City, July 1 , 1850. Ralph Moody, Stagecoach West (New York, Thomas Y. Corwell Company, 1967), pp. 46, 68, 69.

  26. Letter from S. H. Woodson to J. B. Floyd, October 10, 1859, "Letters Received."

  27. Letter from Colonel Sumner to Jacob Hall, October 4, 1859, United States Army Commands, Department of the Missouri, "Letters Sent, August, 1859-March, 1860," Record Group 393, National Archives, referred to herafter as "Letters Sent."

  28. Letter from Jacob Hall to Colonel Sumner, October 9, 1859, "Letters Received."

  29. Letter From Captain Steuart to Captain Jones, October 30, 1859, "Letters Received"; Leo E. Oliva, Soldiers on the Santa Fe Trail (Norman, University of Oklahoma Press, 1967), p. 119; Francis B. Heitman, Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army, From Its Organization September 29, 1789, to March 3, 1903 (Washington, Government Printing Office, 1903), v. 1, pp. 207, 922.

  30. Letter from Captain Steuart to Captain Jones, October 30, 1859, "Letters Received."

  31. Weekly Border Star, Westport, Mo., November 12, 1859; letter from Lt. John Wilkins to Cpt. R. M. Morris, October 17, 1859, and letter from Col. Thomas Fauntleroy to Col. S. Cooper, October 25, 1859, "Letters Received."

  32. Letter from Captain Steuart to Captain Jones, October 30, 1859, ibid.

  33. Letter from William Bent to A. M. Robinson, November 28, 1859, "Upper Arkansas Agency Letters."

  34. Ibid.

  35. Letter from Captain Steuart to Captain Jones, October 30, 1859, "Letters Received"; Weekly Border Star, Westport, Mo., November 12, 1859.

  36. Letter from Captain Jones to Captain Steuart, October 30, 1859, "Letters Sent."

  37. Letter from Captain Jones to Capt. G. Van Vliet, November 11, 1859, ibid.

  38. Letter from Captain Jones to Captain Steuart, November 11, 1859, ibid.

  39. Letter from Captain Jones to Lieutenant Bell, November 11, 1859, ibid.

  40. Letter from Colonel Sumner to the adjutant general, November 14, 1859, ibid.

  41. Brice, Reminiscences of Ten Years, pp. 7-9.

  42. Weekly Border Star, Westport, Mo., November 26, 1859, letter from Lieutenant Bell to the assistant adjutant general, November 25, 1859, "Letters Received."

  43. Letter from Lieutenant Bell to the assistant adjutant general, November 25, 1859, ibid.

  44. Letter from Colonel Sumner to Colonel Cooper, November 15, 1859, ibid.

  45. Letter from Lieutenant Bell to the assistant adjutant general, November 25, 1859, ibid.; Robert W. Baughman, Kansas Post Offices, May 29, 1828 to August 3, 1961 (Wichita, Kansas Postal History Society, 1961), p. 152. The date was November 30, 1859.

  46. Letters from Captain Jones to Lieutenant Bell and Major Sedgwick, both dated December 6, 1859, "Letters Sent."

  47. Letter from Lieutenant Bell to the Assistant adjutant general, November 25, 1859, "Letters Received."

  48. Letter from Captain Jones to Major Sedgwick, December 6, 1859, "Letters Sent."

  49. Letter from Lieutenant Bell to Captain Jones, January 4, 1860, cited in Oliva, Soldiers on the Santa Fe Trail pp. 122, 123.

  50. Weekly Border Star, Westport, Mo., December 10, 1859.

  51. Kansas City Daily Western Journal of Commerce, November 29, 1859.

  52. Weekly Border Star, Westport, Mo., December 10, 1859.

  53. Letter from Lieutenant Bell to Captain Jones, January 4, 1860, cited in Oliva, Soldiers on the Santa Fe Trail, pp. 122, 123.

  54. Letter from Captain Jones to Lieutenant Bell, January 11, 1860, "Letters Sent."

  55. Letter from Captain Jones to Lieutenant Bell, February 1, 1860, ibid. Several months later it was renamed Fort Larned.

  56. Letter from Captain Jones to the postmaster, Independence, Mo., February 16, 1860, ibid.

  57. Oliva, Soldiers on the Santa Fe Trail, pp. 123.
    Used With Permission of the Author:
    David Clapsaddle

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