Trading Establishments on the Santa Fe Trail
Part I - Footnotes

  1. Louise Barry, The Beginning of the West (Topeka: Kansas State Historical Society,1972), 114-115, 1098, 1105; Marc Simmons, On the Santa Fe Trail (Lawrence:University of Kansas Press, 1986), 11-12.

  2. Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary (Springfield, Ma: G & C Merriam Co., Publishers, 1953).

  3. W. W. H. Davis, El Gringo: New Mexico and Her People (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 982), 51.

  4. Janet Lecompte, Pueblo, Hardscrabble and Greenhorn (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1978), 210.

  5. Morris F. Taylor, First Mail West (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1971), 15.

  6. William E. Brown, The Santa Fe Trail (St. Louis: the Patrice Press, 1988), 148.

  7. Marc Simmons, Following the Santa Fe Trail (Santa Fe: Ancient City Press, 1984), 194.

  8. Ibid., 195, The best guess as to the name Pigeon is that Alexander Valle's mother married a man named Pigeonm and he used that name as well as Valle. Court records in New Mexico show he had relatives named Pigeon.

  9. Ibid., 197-198.

  10. Leo E. Oliva, Fort Union and the Frontier Army in the Southwest (Santa Fe: Southwest Cultural Resources Center, 1993), 215.

  11. Schuyler Jones, ed., Hunting and Trading on the Great Plains 1859-1875 (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1986), 59-60.

  12. Don Rickey, Jr., Forty Miles a Day on Beans and Hay (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1985), 169; David K. Strate, Sentinel to the Cimarron (Dodge City: Cultural Heritage and Arts Center, 1970), 32.

  13. "Some Lost Towns of Kansas," Kansas Historical Collections, 12 (1911-1912): 464.

  14. Alexander Gardner, Across the Continent on the Kansas Pacific Railroad-1867, Kansas State Historical Society Library, Topeka.

  15. Jones, Hunting and Trading, 68.

  16. Louise Barry, "The Ranch at Walnut Creek," Kansas Historical Quarterly, 54 (Summer 1971): 123.

  17. Barry, Beginning of the West, 271.

  18. A. T. Andreas, History of the State of Kansas (Chicago: A. T. Andreas, 1883), 1533.

  19. David K. Clapsaddle, "Conflict and Commerce on the Santa Fe Trail: The Fort Riley- Fort Larned Road, 1860-1867," Kansas History, 16 (Summer 1993): 134.

  20. The information for this portion of the study subtitled Hubbard's Stage Stand was taken from David Hubbard, "Reminiscences of the Yeager Raid. On the Santa Fe Trail, in 1863," Kansas Historical Collections, 8 (1903-1904): 168-171.

  21. Andreas, History of Kansas, 1529; Simmons, Following the Santa Fe Trail, 78-79; Barry, Beginning of the West, 1188.

  22. Everett Dick, The Sodhouse Frontier, 1854-1890 (New York: D. Appleton-Century Company, Inc., 1937), 164-165.

  23. Simmons, Following the Santa Fe Trail, 79.

  24. Robert W. Baughman, Kansas Post Offices (Topeka: Kansas State Historical Society, 1961), 108, 213.

  25. Barry, "Ranch at Walnut Creek," ff. 136.

  26. Sondra Van Meter McCoy, "Central Kansas Trading Ranches on the Santa Fe Trail," Adventures on the Santa Fe Trail (Topeka: Kansas Historical Society, 1988), 112.

  27. James R. McClure, "Taking the Census and Other Incidents on 1855," Kansas Historical Collections, 8 (1903-1904): 236.

  28. Andreas, History of Kansas, 1532.

  29. Ibid., 1531.

  30. Flora Rosenquist Godsey, "The Early Settlement and Raid on the 'Upper Neosho,'" Kansas Historical Collections, 16 (1925): 452; Barry, Beginning of the West, 661.

  31. Ibid., 661.

  32. Ibid., 997.

  33. Stephen Jackson Spear, "Reminiscences of the Early Settlement of Dragoon Creek, Wabaunsee County," Kansas Historical Collections, 13 (1913-1914): 351; "Letter of John C. Van Gundy to William Connelly," Kansas Historical Collections, 17 (1926-1928): 598; J. M. Bisbey, "Pioneering in Wabaunsee County," Kansas Historical Collections, 11 (1909-1910): 598.

  34. Baughman, Kansas Post Offices, 3, 21.

  35. D. E. Schiessen, "History of Allen, Kansas," Our Land-A History of Lyon County, Kansas (Emporia: Emporia State Press, 1976), 40-41.

  36. Ibid.

  37. Ibid.

  38. Ibid.

  39. Ibid.

  40. William Michael Shimeall, "Arthur Ingram Baker: Frontier Kansan," (Master's Thesis, Emporia State University, 1978), 27.

  41. Barry, Beginning of the West, 661, 730, 792, 896, 897, 1059, 1138; Shimeall, "Baker," 19, 27.

  42. Ibid., 75-76.

  43. "Executive Minutes Kept During Governor Reeder's Administration," Kansas Historical Collections, 3 (1883-1885): 263-264, 272.

  44. "Governor Reeder's Administration," Kansas Historical Collections, 5 (1891-1896): 188.

  45. Baughman, Kansas Post Offices, 84, 208; Shimeall, "Baker," 38; "Extinct Geographical Locations," Kansas Historical Collections 12 (1911-1912), 472, 487; Shimeall, "Baker," 87. Material for the remaining portion of this study subtitled Rock Creek was taken from Shimeall, "Baker."

  46. Kate L. Gregg, ed., The Road to Santa Fe: The Journal and Diaries of George Champlin Sibley and Others (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1952), 184.

  47. Taylor, First Mail West, 30.

  48. Barry, Beginning of the West, 949, 1108, 1171.

  49. George Pierson Morehouse, "Diamond Spring, the Diamond Of the Plain," Kansas Historical Collections, 14 (1915-1918): 797.

  50. Garnnet M. Brayer, ed., Land of Enchantment (Evanston: The Branding Iron Press, 1954), 69.

  51. Baughman, Kansas Post Offices, 35, 208.

  52. Hubbard, "Reminiscences of the Yeager Raid," 169.

  53. Taylor, First Mail West, 95.

  54. Ibid.

  55. Baughman, Kansas Post Offices, 119, 208.

  56. Louise Barry, "The Ranch at the Cimarron Crossing," Kansas Historical Quarterly, 39 (Autumn 1973): 350.

  57. Ibid.

  58. Ibid., 350-351.

  59. Marc Simmons and Hal Jackson, Following the Santa Fe Trail (Santa Fe: Ancient City Press, 2001), 102.

  60. Clara M. Fengel Shields, "The Lyon Creek Settlement," Kansas Historical Collections, 14 (1915-1918): 143.

  61. McCoy, "Central Kansas Trading Ranches," 111.

  62. Baughman, Kansas Post Offices, 77, 204.

  63. McCoy, "Central Kansas Trading Ranches," 112.
         Used With Permission of the Author
         David Clapsaddle

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