Wet/Dry Routes Chapter
Quarterly Newsletter
Vol. 7 "2000" No.2

Chapter Members Wed
     On Saturday, November 26, 1999, Wet/Dry Routes Chapter members Vivian Bennet and Ronald Nelson were married in a beautiful ceremony in the Methodist Church, Garfield, Kansas. Both Vivian and Ron are, and will continue to be, active members in the chapter. Ronald is the landowner of the junction of the Fort Larned Military Road and the Wet Route (Site G3 in your Directory of SFT Sites) southwest of Garfield. The couple will make their home in Rockville, MD for the present and then return to their home in Garfield following Ron's retirement from his job at HUD.

Winter 2000 Meeting
     The Wet/Dry Routes Chapter initiated the new millennium by having its first Y2K meeting on Sunday, January 16, 2000 at the Municipal Building in Kinsley Kansas. Chapter members from Kinsley, Loretta Graff and Mrs. John Rusoe arranged for the meeting room and provided the refreshments. Thanks ladies. Good job.

     President Rusti Gardner was absent. Her husband, Jack was scheduled for open heart surgery on the following morning and she felt her place was with him. As this is being written, a report was received that he survived the surgery in fine fashion and is out of danger. By the time you read this, he should be back home in Larned.

     Secretary/Treasurer Ida Yeager was also absent on other business in Kansas City. Vice President Howard Losey chaired the meeting and Alice Clapsaddle and Janice Klein took care of the clerical duties.

     Reports were given by the Faye Anderson Award committee and the Mapping/Marking committee.

     Officers for 2000 were elected as follows: Howard Losey, President; Barbara German, Vice President; Anita Thomas, Secretary/Treasurer; David Clapsaddle, Program Director; and Board Consultant, Rusti Gardner. The Chapter voted to expend funds to pay mileage expenses for the day's program speaker.

     Certificates of Appreciation were presented to boy scouts Tyson Keast and Nicholas Niemeyer in recognition of their Eagle Scout projects completed in behalf of the Chapter. Howard Losey was honored with the Faye Anderson Award. Guests at the meeting were Merlene Baird, President of the Fort Larned Historic Society and Morris Alexander, SFT Board of Director member from Oklahoma.

     Following the business meeting, a well-received program was presented by Dorothy and Lee Kroh, Chapter members from Merriam, KS, followed by a period musical program presented by Bob Sallee from Larned.

Did You Know?
In 1821:
Missouri gained statehood.
Mexico won its independence from Spain.
William Becknell opened the Santa Fe Trail.
Moses Austin led American colonists to the Texas province of Mexico.
In 1835:
William Becknell moved to Texas.
David Crockett, en route to the Alamo, Conferred with Becknell at his Clarksville, Texas home.
In 1836:
Texas revolutionaries were victorious over Mexican forces.
William Becknell organized Texas volunteer company, the Red River Blues.
In 1856:
William Becknell died at Clarksville, Texas.

Faye Anderson Award
     Howard Losey of Maize, Kansas, formerly of Garfield, Vice President (1999) and President (2000) was awarded the Faye Anderson Award of the Wet/Dry Routes Chapter at their winter meeting, January 16, 2000, in Kinsley, Kansas. In addition to officer duties Losey is editor of the TRACES, the chapter newsletter published quarterly, and was a contributing member of the team that researched the data for the chapter publication A Directory of Santa Fe Trail Sites. Anderson's daughter, Joan Forrest of Larned, Kansas, presented the award.

     The Faye Anderson Award is given annually by the chapter in recognition of some person/s or organization who has made a significant contribution to the interpretation and/or preservation of the Santa Fe Trail.

     The committee consisting of a representative from each of Ford, Edwards, and Pawnee counties and two at-large positions wish to thank all those who submitted nominations for the award. Nominations for 2001 may be submitted to the committee beginning in June with the deadline being October 1, 2000.

Now What?
     Well, for one thing, we're going to have our quarterly meeting in April. It will be in Larned at the Saint Mary's and Martha Episcopal Church on the corner of 8th and Main streets. The date for the meeting is April 9, 2000 at 12:30 p.m. Bring a covered dish. The chapter will provide the entrée and table service. A tour of the completed "little red house" at 2nd and State Streets will follow

Interpretive Markers
     As reported in the previous issue of TRACES, the installation of the chapter's first five interpretive markers has been completed. At the Winter meeting in Kinsley, the membership voted to commit $500 for five additional markers.
The sites to be marked are

  1. Site F1, Eastern Terminus of Post -1859 Dry Route;
  2. Site F5, Dry Route Pawnee Fork Crossing;
  3. Site H2, Departure Point to Post 1859 Dry Route;
  4. Site F13, Big Coon Creek Crossing;
  5. Site E11, The Caches.

     Installation of these markers will begin in the Spring of 2000.

Know Your Sites Contest
     The first Wet/Dry Routes Chapter member to correctly identify the site whose marker is pictured in the printed newsletter will receive two front row, bleacher seat, tickets to the first, annual Coon Creek submarine race absolutely free. The site must be identified by the site number as printed in your copy of A Directory of Santa Fe Trail Sites.

     The bronze plaque is a little hard to read in the photograph. It says, "Dry Route Santa Fe Trail Crossed Here." As another hint I will tell you that the photographer was looking to the north and the monument pictured to the left is nearby.

     Your entry must be on plain paper and in 25 words or less. The entry with the earliest post mark wins. In case of a tie, duplicate prizes will be awarded. *

     *Participation by members who are buried in the Hillside Cemetery at Kinsley, KS is prohibited.

An Auto Accident on the Santa Fe Trail
by Larry E. Mix

     Ed Carlson of Wichita, Chapter member, and former resident of Kinsley sends the following article from the Kinsley Mercury, May 18, 1916. Mrs. J.C. Lowry was fatally injured, her husband's shoulder dislocated, their daughter-in-law suffered three broken ribs, and other occupants of a Ford were bruised when their car was ditched on the road one mile southwest of Offerle Tuesday morning at 11 o'clock. Mrs. Lowry succumbed to her injuries that evening at 5:15. The Lowry's live seven miles north of Hoisington, from where they had left that morning in two cars for Meade county for a family reunion. They had been making from 30 to 35 miles per hour on the way, it is said, and were happy in the thought that they would soon be with their Meade kinfolk. Southwest of Offerle one mile, just over the line in Ford county, is a bad turn in the road, where the highway they were traveling joins the Santa Fe Trail. The Trail at this point is a fill several feet high. Numerous accidents and near accidents have occurred there and the place has been traveled with great caution by motorists who realized its danger. It seems that the first of the Lowry cars almost went into the ditch in making the turn and this nettled the second driver, who lost control of his car, it evidently rolling over and over.

     Are these ruts still visible? Also just Were is this place the accident took place? If so, please respond to your editor.

     The above article appeared in Volume 4 Number 3 1997 of the newsletter Traces.

     Larry & Carolyn Mix were doing some research on this subject and came up with this little tidbit of information where this accident may have happened. The road they were on in a book we have was called "Santa Fe Trail". The corner for this accident is a mile east of where our chapter marked as Dinner Station. From Satellite photo's of this location from our web site there seems to have been ruts at or very near to this corner described above. This may or may not explain this event any better but it should shed some light on the roads in that area in 1917.

     In a book that we have "Official Automobile Blue Book Standard Road Guide of America Vol. 7, 1917" we found this information. The Blue Books cover the entire United States and Southern Canada in ten volumes. They tell you where to go and how to get there, giving complete maps of every motor road, running directions at every fork and turn, with mileages. All points of local or historical interest, state motor laws, hotel and garage accommodations, ferry and steamship schedules and rates. A veritable motorist's encyclopedia. Also used was a 1916 Plat Book and Atlas of Ford County, Kansas.

     First in the 1916 Plat Book it shows in Wheatland Township, between Sections 24 & 25 a road named "Santa Fe Trail". This road enters Ford County at this point and continues to the west to a point in Spearville, Kansas. At Spearville it crosses the railroad and continues to the southwest on the north side of the railroad to Grandview Township. In Section 13 of Grandview Township, the trail changes to a west direction to a point at the corners of Sections 13, 14, 23, and 24 of Dodge City Township, at this point it makes a turn to the south and enters Dodge City, Kansas on Central Avenue.

     Now you have to remember that this is in 1917 and the roads as we know them today, hadn't been built yet. Roads were just the trails that already were in use at that time. More like one lane cow paths that were dragged to some extent. Most roads as we know them today weren't built until the WPA days.

     The directions given in the 1917 guidebook that we have are as follows; Route #174, Hutchinson to Dodge City, Kansas 153.5 miles. Note from the guidebook; Via Lyons and Great Bend. This is a section of the Santa Fe Trail. Good dragged dirt roads practically all the way. (We will skip ahead to Kinsley, Kansas on this route to where you are coming into Kinsley on what is now U.S. 56)

115.Om 24.2m Kinsley, 5 corners. Keep straight ahead along RR.
Thru 4 corners at station 11 5.5m. Pass Ardell Station on left 119.4 and thru Offerle 123.Om
123.6m 8.6m End of road; turn left (poles go right). Cross RR 123.8. (My note, this would be the Ford & Edwards County line)
126.1 m 2.5m 4-corners meeting poles, turn right into
136.4m 10.3m Spearville, 4-corners at Main St. straight thru.
136.9m 0.5m Cross RR and immediately turn left along tracks. Pass Wright Station on left 145.2
145.5m 8.6m End of road; curve right with poles away from RR. Keep straight ahead where poles go left 149.7m.
151.7m 6.2m 4-corners at sign; turn left.
152.5m 0.8m Right-hand road; turn right, immediately curving left into Central Avenue.
153.5m 1.0m Dodge City, Central Avenue & Spruce St., at court house.

     My conclusion is that this was not "Santa Fe Trail Ruts" that caused the accident but that the road they were turning on to was built up and was just called "Santa Fe Trail" road. "The Trail at this point is a fill several feet high" No ruts are talked about in the article above, also a rut would have been a depression in the ground not a fill, I think!

Directory Sold Out
     The first printing of A Directory of Santa Fe Trail Sites has been sold out. Author David Clapsaddle hopes to have a second edition ready for publication by January 2001. The new edition will contain updates with new information on sites previously identified plus at least one new location not included in the first edition.

Another Learning Box
     Several years past, the chapter made available to elementary schools a curricular unit called The Learning Box. Based on a 1942 publication Tree In The Trail, the unit was designed to introduce children to the Santa Fe Trail. Program Director David Clapsaddle is presently preparing another such unit to be called Robert's Trunk. Based on a book by Clapsaddle, the unit will be complete with written material, artifacts, and lesson plans. Readers of Traces will be kept informed as to progress in this project.

Mexican War Veterans to be Commemorated
     Two white marble headstones have been received from the Veterans Administration to commemorate Pvt. Nehemiah Carson and Pvt. Arthur Hughes who died en route to Santa Fe at the start of the Mexican War. Carson died at Pawnee Rock on July 13, 1846 and Hughes died at the Pawnee Fork crossing two days later. Both men were buried near the places where they died. Arrangements for Carson's stone to be placed at Pawnee Rock are presently being negotiated with the Kansas State Historical Society. Hughes' stone will be placed next to that of Pvt. Robert Easley, previously commemorated, at the Pawnee Fork crossing. The chapter is proud to have a part in recognizing such veterans who have met their fate on the Santa Fe Trail. Prior to the chapter's involvement in marking soldiers' graves, only one such soldier was commemorated on the Santa Fe Trail. That soldier was Pvt. Samuel Hunt who died with Col. Henry Dodge's 1835 expedition on September 11, 1835. His grave is located on the Santa Fe Trail five miles west of present Burlingame, Kansas.

Five More Interpretive Markers
     With the placement of five interpretive markers in Pawnee, Edwards, and Ford Counties during 1999, the chapter is looking forward to placing an additional five such markers in the same three counties. Sites selected for the markers are: the Post-1859 Eastern Terminus of the Dry Route (F1), two miles northeast of Larned; the Post-1859 Dry Route crossing of Pawnee Fork (F5), near Larned State Hospital; the only marker on the Post-1866 Dry Route (H2), one mile east of Fort Larned; Big Coon Creek crossing (E7/F13), 3 1/2 miles west of Kinsley; and the Caches (C35/E11), two miles west of Dodge City. The interpretive markers are designed to acquaint the public with the variants of the Wet and Dry Routes.

Lawrence Hart --- Featured Speaker
     Speaking at the Washita Battle seminar scheduled for April 29 - 30, 2000 will be Lawrence Hart, principal chief of the Southern Cheyenne. Chief Hart whose ancestors were present at the November 27, 1868 battle near present Cheyenne, Oklahoma will deliver his address on the evening of April 29 at the Black Kettle Museum, Cheyenne. At this writing, there are still spaces available for the tour to be led by David Clapsaddle.

Seminar to Feature Informed Speakers
     Speakers for the Fourth Annual Santa Fe Trail Seminar sponsored by the Wet/Dry Routes Chapter include Stephen Allie, Director of the Frontier Army Museum at Fort Leavenworth; Arnold Schofield, Historian at the Fort Scott National Historic Site; Terry Van Meter, Director of the Fort Riley U. S. Cavalry Museum; and John Lemons, Reenactor, Canon City, Colorado.

     Following are brief resumes for Schofield and Lemons:

Arnold Schofield
     Arnold Schofield is the Senior Research Historian at the Fort Scott National Historic Site, where he has been employed for the past twenty years. In addition to his history duties, Schofield also serves as a Cultural Resource Specialist and an advanced interpreter with the National Park Service. During his tenure at Fort Scott, he has become an expert on the 1st U. S. Dragoons which played an active role in the military presence on the Santa Fe Trail.

John Lemons
     John Lemons is a reporter and staff writer for the Canon City Daily Record, Canon City, Colorado. In addition, he serves as a volunteer historical interpreter at Bent's Old Fort National Historic Site. Lemons' presentation will interpret the mounted soldiers called dragoons whose presence was known on the Santa Fe Trail prior to other mounted units which came to be known as cavalry. His costuming and use of dragoon accouterments will do much to enhance his presentation.

     In the next issue of Traces, resumes will be presented for Terry Van Meter and Stephen Allie.

The Chapter's Web Site
by Larry E. Mix

     If you've been to the website in the recent months you may have found that it was completely gone or in some cases in recent weeks parts were missing. Well this is because the website took on a new address, {www.santafetrailresearch.com/}. This caused the whole website to be rewritten. I have been working on it for about four months now. The web site was getting so big and really in a mess as far and getting around it that I wanted to make it easier to view. There are more pictures on the site along with more pages. The auto tours that were on the site have been taken down and I am rewriting them to include all the sites we have markers at, but this won't be up for some time yet. All these changes were to take place when my web account came due and it was close to that.

     Now for the good news on the web site. The Terra Server site that has the aerial photos now has all the sites that we have marked. I thought I was done with the update but they came out with all the sites. This means that the site will have about 40 new web pages to cover the ones that weren't up before. I am in the process of doing this at this time and will have them up before everyone gets the newsletter, I hope! The photos seem to be better then the old ones.

     The final major change has been the rewrite of the Terra Server web pages. As you know there are links to photo's of about one square mile on the St. John site, with another link that will take you to the Microsoft TerraServer web site that are about four square miles square. Now why the rewrite of our site? Well Terra Server changed the pictures on their site and this meant that the links to most of the places were no good. They are updating the site at a rate that is just beyond my understanding. Below you will find an explanation of just what is going on at Terra Server. All the changes they are making is for the better, this is one of the best sites on the internet today for maps and photos.

     The images you see in the Microsoft TerraServer Web site come from two sources: The United States Geological Survey (USGS) provides georectified digitized aerial photographs (known as digital orthophotoquads) and digitized topographical maps (known as digital raster graphics) from their vast files. SPIN-2 provides high-resolution satellite images, products of a joint Russian/American venture to market declassified satellite photographs from sophisticated Russian mapping satellites.

     What are some of the benefits of Microsoft TerraServer V3.0? Microsoft TerraServer V3.0 was the first major change to the imagery format stored in the TerraServer SQL database. We changed the format to improve TerraServer for the long term. However, the format change has also caused some short-term interruptions to the images you are used to seeing on TerraServer. The new imagery format provides the following benefits: More Image Resolutions, i.e. More "Zoom" Levels. Previously, TerraServer stored images in three sizes -- "City View" (16-meter resolution), "Neighborhood View" (8-meter resolution), and "Full View" (1-meter or 1.56 meter resolution for SPIN-2 images). Having only three resolutions was difficult to find a specific point of interest for many users. In V3.0, TerraServer stores 64-, 32-, 16-, 8-, 4-, 2-, and 1 -meter resolution. The new resolutions simplify the task of locating a specific point of interest, such as your house. In addition, you will notice that the image transitions as you zoom in or out will be much smoother.

     Clearer Images and Simpler Web Page Format. The new image format uses a fixed size image tile and a variable ground area image format. The previous format used a fixed ground area size and a variable size image tile. Depending where they were on the globe, some images were a bit fuzzy because the browser had to re-size the image tile to fit it on the web page. The new format eliminates any re-sizing of the image. Thus, all images are clearer than before. In addition, the simpler web page format also causes images purchased from SPIN-2 or downloaded free from the USGS to be clearer than before.

     Improved Geographic Information. TerraServer is not intended to be a commercial Geographic Information System (GIS). However, we realize many TerraServer users are professional GIS users. The new tiling system greatly simplifies the coordinate point calculation of USGS Digital Ortho Quadrangle data. Click the Image Info button on any image display page to see the corner coordinate points of the image you are viewing.

     Elimination of Tiling Problems in the SPIN-2 Imagery. Previously, we attempted to take several separate SPIN-2 satellite images taken on the same day and tile them together as if they came from a single satellite image. Our goal was to attempt to make a "seamless mosaic of an area of earth". While we were able to make great improvements in the process, we were never able to make it seamless. We have abandoned OUT method to create a seamless mosaic for a new method developed by Aerial Images and Kodak. Aerial Images, the provider of SPIN-2 imagery, and the Kodak Corporation use an advanced image processing system that "virtually" produces a single image from a set of satellite images taken at the same chronological time. The Kodak process eliminates the tiling problems often found in SPIN-2 imagery in the V2.0 system.

     Simpler and Faster Loading of New Data. The new image format simplifies the process used to tile new data and "stitch it together" with previously loaded tiles. Since we launched TerraServer in June 1998, we have loaded 300 GB of new imagery into the system. Frankly, loading new data into the system was much too difficult. The new imagery format greatly simplifies the image processing required to merge new tiles with existing tiles in the database. We are now able to process 80 GB of new imagery a day rather than 80 GB a week!

"Love's Defeat"
Part I & 2

By Howard Losey

     This article is being put on the research page as it contains a lot of historic information and it may be lost in the newsletters.

Dues are always Due to the
Fastest Hand in the West

     Chapter dues in the amount of $10.00 per family, are due at the Winter meeting or may be mailed to Alice Clapsaddle, 215 Mann, Larned, Kansas, 67550. Checks should be made out to the Wet/Dry Routes Chapter. Dues and email addresses are welcome.
"Printable Dues Form"

Do Not send Wet/Dry Routes Chapter dues to the Santa Fe Trail Center
Thank you for supporting all our Wet/Dry Routes Chapter projects!
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