Best Preserved Frontier Fort in the West - Fort Larned Old Guard Newsletter

May 1--- Letter from Lieutenant Umbstaetter to Major Forwood:

     The Commanding Officer directs that you report your reasons in writing why you did not comply with the Letter from these Hd Qrs dated April 27th 1869.

     May 5 --- Letter from Major Parker to the assistant adjutant general. Department of the Missouri, Fort: Leavenworth:

     I have the honor respectfully to ask, for the information and guidance of Councils of Administrations convened at this Post, whither the Post Trader should be taxed in the same manner as provided. formerly, for sutlers.

May 11 --- Letter from Lieutenant Kaiser, post adjutant, to Lieutenant Cooke:

     The Commanding officer directs me to inform you that you were not reported sick on the Hospital Report Book and that hereafter when you are sick it must be reported by the post Surgeon

May 14 --- Special Orders No. 58, by order of Captain J.A. Snyder:

     In compliance with instructions received from Hd Qrs Dept of the Missouri dated May 7th 1869 Mr F.R Curtis[,] US Indian Interpreter at this Post, is hereby ordered to proceed without delay to Fort Dodge, Kas and report Bvt [Col ?] D Nelson Cmdg Battalion the 10th Cavalry for duty. . . .

May 18 --- Letter from Lieutenant Umbstaetter to the post quartermaster:

     The Comdg officer directs, that you issue to James McCafferty discharged soldier awaiting trial the following articles of Clothing viz one Blouse[,] Two [2] Drawers, one shirt and two socks, and to Thomas Jacobs Discharged Soldier serving sentence One Cap, one Blouse, One Shirt, two [2] Drawers and two socks

May 19 --- Letter from Major Parker to Brevet Colonel W.G. Mitchell, acting assistant adjutant general, Department of the Missouri:

     I have the honor to state that in view of the fact that the Companies at this Post are very small, and consequently have but few men for duty, I deemed it expedient to relieve the Artificer and send him to his Company Commander for duty.

     Upon the application of the A.A.Q.M. of this Post, however, I have caused them to be detailed on extra duty in the Q.M. Dept. and as they are the only men so detailed as mechanics, I respectfully request that they may be allowed to remain on that duty.

May 20 --- General Orders No. 15, by order of Major Parker:

     Hereafter a list of extra and daily duty men in the Q.M. Com. Dept. whom the A.A.Q.M. and A.G.S. desire to have excused from Sunday morning Inspection will be sent to this Hd Qrs by 8 1/2 oclock A.M. every Saturday, a list of which will be furnished the Company Commander when approved.

     Also a list of such men in the above named Dept's whom duties render it necessary for them to be excused daily from any particular roll call will be furnished immediately and when approved will be furnished to the Company Commander.

May 24 --- Letter from Major Parker to the adjutant general, U.S. Army, Washington. D. C.

     I would respectfully request that I may be furnished with six [6] months supply of Blank Post Returns for the use of Fort Larned Kans.

May 26 --- General Orders No. 16, by order of Captain J.A. Snyder:

     Before a Garrison Court Martial . . . of which 1st Lt A Kaiser 3d Infantry is President was arraigned and tried.

1. Henry [Feats ?] Pvt Co D 3d infantry
Charge Neglect of duty as sentinel
Plea Not Guilty
Finding Guilty

     To be confined at Hard Labor at the Post or place where his company may be serving for the period of seven [7] days. . . .

May 28 --- Medical history by Major Forwood:

     The garrison is undergoing a thorough system of police[,] is perfectly healthy & the duty of the troops is easy & light. The grazing is good, fine fishing in Pawnee Fork, one of the Companies has a sein[e] & they go occasionally to make a few hauls. The Indians who have been quiet during the winter are becoming restless again & depredations may be looked for at any day.

Special Orders No. 62, by order of Captain Snvder:

     . . . II. A Board of Survey is hereby ordered to convene at this Post at 2 oclock P.M. today or as soon thereafter as practicable for the purpose of ascertaining the cause of the shortage of the Hay at this Post, for which 1st Lt L.W. Cooke 3A Infantry AAQM is responsible. . . .

June 5 --- Letter from Lieutenant Umbstaetter to Major Forwood:

     The Commanding Officer directs, that you furnish this office without delay, a list of the men on Daily Duty in the Post Hospital and Bakery whom the [-?-] of the public service desires should be excused from Sunday morning inspections.

June 13 --- Letter from Major Parker to Colonel Mitchell, Department of the Missouri:

     In obedience to instructions contained in the endorsement in the communication of Capt Snyder [-?-] 3d Infantry, to Dept Hd Qrs of the 20th ult, I have the honor to make the following report, [sincerely ?] promising that I was present at this Post during a portion of the time during which the transactions alluded to an[d] alleged to have occurred.

     [According ?] to the Morning Report Book of Co "C" 34 Infantry, I find that previous to May 10th last, Pvt Newshafer was not reported as being on the Sick Report.

     My experience has been that it is unusual and irregular for certificates of disability to be made out under such circumstances, and also, that it is a [breech ?] of military courtesy at least, for a Post Surgeon to take such steps without having previously conferred with or advising the Company Commander of the soldier affected of such action as his [the Surgeons] part. This does not appear to have been done in the case of Pvt Newshafer.

     At the request of Lt C L. Umbstaetter Post Commissary[,] Pvt Newshater was relieved from duty in the commissary Dept on the 18th ult as stated in Capt Snyders letter, and ordered to his company for duty; the spirit of the order being however [as he was on the sick report] mostly to relieve him from extra duty and to have his name carried on the morning Report Book as Sick.

     I have the honor to include here the communication from Dr Forwood and Lt Cooke in relation to this matter.

     The statement of Capt Snyder's I find to be correct in all its details.

     The action of both Doctor Forwood and Lt Cooke has been, in my opinion, manifestly irregular, and not according to the [-?-] of the service, and as soon as reported to me was promptly annulled.

     Lt. Cook acknowledges to me, after having been severely reprimanded for his [-?-], that the onus of the blame [in not having directed Pvt Newshafer to report to his company commander] should not upon himself, but that the fault was committed through [-?-] in forgetfulness, and not with intention of disobeying orders.

     With regard to certificates of disability having been made out in the case of Pvt Newshafer---it certainly appears to be remarkable that a subject for discharge for disability should have his health benefitted by exposure to the sun while on fishing excursions, [-?-] taking the fatigue of a night journey to Fort Harker. As this, however may be considered, a matter upon which none other that [-?-] affair can pronounce a competent opinion, I propose, with the sanction of the Genl Comdg the Dept, to bring the subject to the notice of Asst Surg Woodhull upon his arrival at this Post.

June 16 --- Special Orders No. 70, by order of Major Parker:

     A Board of Survey is hereby ordered to convene at this Post at 11 oclock A.M. today or as soon thereafter as practicable for the purpose of reporting upon the quality of a quantity of Rice and Hominy reported as being unfit for issue for which 1st Lt C.L. Umbstaetter 34 Infantry, A.G.S. is responsible. . . .

June 17 --- Medical history by Major Forwood:

     The sanitary conditions of this post at the time of my being relieved 17th inst. is excellent. The police of the garrison is good & there is no disease or any tendency to one prevalent here. There is one ambulance at the post, but it is out or repair.

     Medical history by Brevet Lieutenant Colonel Alfred Alexander Woodhull, Assistant Surgeon, U.S. Army, post surgeon:

     Going on duty 17th inst. I concur in the above except as [-?-] the sinks which are inappropriate[,] insufficient and in bad order.

June 20 --- Medical history by Lieutenant Colonel Woodhull:

     At my request sick call was changed 20th inst from 8 to 6 AM. Sgt. John Ryan, Co. D, 3d Inf., was placed on sick report 14th admitted to Hospital 18th, died of heart disease 910 AM 19th.

June 21 --- Letter from Major Parker to the assistant adjutant general, Department of the Missouri:

     I have the honor respectfully to state for the information of the Maj Gen Comdg the Dept. that owing to the discharge of citizen employees at this Post, and the further reduction directed by the Chief Qr M of the Dept. [by the discharge of all citizen teamsters] pursuant to instructions contained in G.0 #17 C.S. Hd Qrs Dept of the Mo. it will be impossible, with the extremely limited number of enlisted men at this post, to furnish the guard detail necessary for the proper protection of Government Property; or for the safety of the Garrison, as the places of the citizen teamsters will have to be supplied by enlisted men.

     I would therefor respectfully request if possible, the citizen teamsters, fourteen in number, be allowed to remain until this garrison is reinforced.

     The guard duty is unusually severe, the men as a general thing only getting one night in bed, and the garrison has been, and still is, constantly losing men by expiration of term of service.

June 26 --- Medical history by Lieutenant Colonel Woodhull:

     On Tuesday, 22d, the Pawnee Fork commenced rising, without rain having fallen at this post, and by the afternoon of 23d washed the string pieces of the bridge 21 feet above ordinary water mark. The flooring of the bridge was taken up as a precaution to decrease its resistance should the water rise higher. The might of this freshet is believed to be unprecedented since the establishment of this Post. The water subsided during the week, leaving the banks covered with mud and with some of this vegetation killed. The "dry channel" was filled with water, much of which remained there, in giving out offense odors until drained by ditching.

June 28 --- Letter from Lieutenant Umbstaetter to General Mitchell:

     I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your communication with the endorsement thereon, dated May 29th 1869, relative to Lt Shepherd 3d Infty not having complied with its requirements.

     In reply I would respectfully state that a copy of the letter referred to above was received at this Hd Qrs on the 8th inst, and an order was issued on the 9th directing Lieut Shepherd to proceed to Fort Harker. . . .

     The Post Ambulance having been blown over by the high winds and broken, and there being no other transportation but Government wagons, Lt Shepherd was unable to proceed to Fort Harker until the 10th when Lt [Schonborn ?] 3d Infantry, arrived from Fort Dodge, enroute to that point and Lieut Shepherd left the Post with him on the evening of the 10th inst.

June 30 --- Medical history by Lieutenant Colonel Woodhull:

     There are supposed to be no Indians nearer than beyond Fort Dodge and the whole country between the Smoky and Arkansas is quiet.

     Toward the close of this month the commanding officer, Lt. C.L. Umbstaetter, suggested and ordered the guard to be mounted in blouses instead of dress coats, as previously, owing to the heat of the weather.

     The ambulance, noted above [see June 17] as out of repair, has been put in order, and is used chiefly as a post spring wagon for the transportation of officers.

     My first Sanitary Report from this Post was made 30th inst. and accompanied by the description recorded on pp 9--13.

July 1 --- Letter from Lieutenant Umbstaetter to the post quartermaster:

     You are hereby directed to issue to James McCafferty a destitute prisoner in the Guard House, without the means of procuring any clothing[,] articles of clothing viz: Two [2] Shirts, Two [2] Socks and one Pair shoes.

     Letter from Lieutenant Umbstaetter to the adjutant general, U.S. Army, Washington, D.C.:

     I have the honor to transmit herewith Muster Rolls of Co "C" "D" & "K" 3d Infantry, and of Post Hospital at Fort Larned, Kas for the month of June 1869.

     Second Letter from Lieutenant Umbstaetter to the adjutant general:

     I have the honor to transmit herewith Descriptive List of Deserters, Descriptive List of Deserters apprehended and Received, and Descriptive list of Deserters undergoing sentence at Fort Larned Kas.

July 3 --- Medical history by Lieutenant Colonel Woodhull:

     The month of July opened with but one line officer at the post, the remainder being absent before a General Court-martial. On the first, additional labors were thrown upon the troops in the details of teamsters in place of civilians discharged. There are now but two employees here, one clerk in the subsistence and Quartermasters Department each. On third inst. requisition was made for chlorine mixture, sulfate of iron and carbolic acid [impure] for disinfectants, there being a very small supply on hand.

July 5 --- Medical history by Lieutenant Colonel Woodhull:

     The fourth, failing on Sunday, was marked by deferring reveille until 6 A.M., the omission of inspection under arms and a better dinner than usual. On the fifth, all labor but the ordinary guard was suspended.

     On the afternoon of [the] fourth a murder was committed at [Haney's ?] ranche just off the reservation on John McDevitt once of B Co 3d Infy by a man believed to be McNeil. A party from the fort was sent in pursuit but the murderer eluded them.

July 6 --- Letter from Lieutenant Umbstaetter to the post quartermaster:

     The Commanding Officer directs that you have a coffin made for Patrick McDevitt [a citizen] who was killed at Mr Henry's Ranch.

     General Orders No. 21, by order of Major Parker:

     A Council of Administration is hereby ordered to convene at this Post today or as soon thereafter as practicable to administer upon the effects of the late Sergts Thomas Mahany and John Ryan Co D 3d Infantry, who died[,] the former May 13th 1869 and the latter June 19th 1869. . . .

July 9 --- Letter from Lieutenant Umbstaetter to the post quartermaster:

     The Commanding officer directs that pursuant to a letter received from the Adjutant General USA [copy enclosed] you refund to Co "C" 3d Infantry, the amount paid by that Company for 11 [Brooms ?] viz Eight Dollars & twenty-five cents [$8.25]

     Letter from Lieutenant Umbstaetter to E.S.W. Drought, post trader, Fort Larned:

     Reports which are reliable have reached this Headquarters that you are selling Whiskey and other goods higher than the price fixed by the Council of Administration. You are hereby notified that unless you sell your goods at the price the Council fixed then your store will be closed.

     Medical history by Lieutenant Colonel Woodhull:

     The troops here were paid on the 7h, and some drunkenness followed, but not enough to affect the sick report.

     On [the] 9h the following letter on the condition of the Hospital was addressed to the commanding officer---

     "extract . . . in 1860 when the post was first permanently laid out, an adobe building, 76 x 20 ft. externally was erected . . . This was divided into four rooms each 16 ft square & 8 ft high internally and was called the hospital. It has been the hospital ever since. The two middle rooms are wards that contain four [4] beds each. The cubic contents, say 2000 ft, give about 500 ft air space to a bed. The authorities concur in demanding at least 1200 ft for a patient. One of the end rooms is used [as] the kitchen and dining room, the other is used for sick call, as the dispensary at the surgeon's office and to some extent as a store room. The original structure was improved in 1866 by a shingle roof, through which the snow drives in winter and very hard rains at other seasons, and by board floors in the wards and dispensary in 1867. When the gable end fell out with a storm last spring, it was weatherboarded to preserve the dispensary from destruction. Some boards have been placed against [-?-] it to protect a part of the northern side where it was nearly wasted away. Two ventilators are in the roof and depend for their efficiency on the vents in the canvas ceiling. With second-hand lumber the steward has erected a small room opening into the dispensary for his own quarters, and a small store-room. He has also excavated a miniature cellar for liquors beneath the dispensary. The above exhibits the hospital in its most favorable aspect. It will be observed that there is no mess room. Meals are taken in one of the wards or in the kitchen, according to the season. There is no place except the kitchen in which to store provisions, and no proper place in which to keep the hospital supplies. The more bulky articles are from necessity put in the store-room mentioned [which also is the only dead-house], and everything that can possibly be held there [including bedding and hospital clothing] is kept in the dispensary. The nominal capacity of the hospital is eight [8] patients. It cannot properly accommodate more than four and then the attendants would have to sleep in the kitchen and dispensary. There is no bath or wash room and no water closet in the hospital. . . . The adobe walls are badly washed by the rains, especially along the southern side and foundation, and two sides of the kitchen. . . . There are not only no hospital grounds properly so called and no [-?-] whatever belonging to it, but the space between it and the new barracks, 80 yds., partly obstructed by the debris of the old adobe barracks, and over which the prevailing winds blow toward the hospital in summer, is perfectly bare of grass and its surface is perpetually given off in dust. . . . During a great emergency[,] hospital tents might be obtained from the quartermaster for the reception of patients. But the prevailing high winds that blow here demand their being firmly framed to be in any way secure, and in the very nature of the case the want of office and store-rooms could not be supplied by them, nor could the positive disadvantages of the present building be in any manner changed by such temporary expedients.

     ["]In view of these facts I have the honor to request that [a] new Hospital may be ordered to be built at this post, if at least twelve and preferably of twenty four beds[,] in its general construction after the office plan approved by the Secretary of War and promulgated in Circular No. 4 Surgeon General's Office, 27h April, 1867. . . .

     ["]Although at this time the sickness here is very light, this minimum cannot be maintained and in the winter, should the building survive so long, an increase of patients with diminished breathing room from its closed doors and windows, and the severity of the season[,] would demonstrate its unfitness in a still greater degree. . . . The post is built of soft sandstone easily worked and an additional supply of the same material can easily be obtained from open quarries three miles away. . . . There are at this post in the hands of the quartermaster and not designated for any specific purpose the following materials: Lumber 26000 feet, laths 17000; shingles 170000; window sash 200; cement 17 bbls., hair 62 bushels; nails in an infinite quantity. I earnestly invite the attention of the commanding and other officers concerned to this subject, and beg if Larned is to be considered in any respect permanent at it may be allowed reasonable quarters for its sick. I am sir very respectfully you obedient servant, A.A. Woodhull Asst Surg & Bvt Lt Col["]

     Plans accompanied the above which only differ from the official in requesting a chimney in the bath room, an earth-closet for a water closet, a 12-ft veranda around the building [Lat. 38 deg 10' 10" N.] and a cellar under the kitchen.

     With an inventory of property forwarded for inspection 7h inst. was a special request that the Commanding General might direct inquiry as to the adaptability of the hospital building to its uses.

July 10 --- Letter from Lieutenant Umbstaetter to 1st Lieutenant [Robert ?] McDonald, 5th U.S. Infantry, acting assistant quartermaster. Fort Harker:

     I am directed by the Commanding Officer to request that as the supply of blank Cartridges for the firing of the morning and evening gun at this Post is exhausted, you will please send by the [-?-] [Sgt ?] James Kelly Co ["K" ?] 3d Infantry, in the wagon which accompanies him for here, a sufficient supply of Cartridges [-?-]ing the Ordnance Items for this Post awaiting transportation from Fort Harker] to last until such time as the whole can be forwarded.

July 11 --- Medical history by Lieutenant Colonel Woodhull:

     On Sunday 11h at the regular inspection the attention of the commanding officer, Bvt Major Parker was particularly called to the condition of the men's sink. Two weeks previous Lt. Umbstaetter, the then commanding officer, was shown the same. There is but one sink for the three companies; it is in bad order, is nearly full, and is very offensive, notwithstanding the free use of lime. Maj. P. promised to have it daily filled with earth and new ones to be built soon. There is none at the guardhouse, and the ordinary field trench, to be daily covered, was promised.

July 16 --- Letter from Major Parker to General Mitchell, Department of the Missouri:

     I have the honor to enclose a copy of a letter sent by mail from this Hd Qrs on the 19th of May last, to which no reply has been received.

     As great irregularity exists in the mail between Fort Harker, or Hays and Buckners Ranche, I have thought it not improbable that the letter referred to, might not have been received at Dept Hd Qrs, or that the reply thereto might have mis[addre]ssed.

     General Orders No. 23, by order of Major Parker:

     Par. 2. of General Order No. 13 C.S. from these Hd Qrs is hereby amended to read as follows.

     Owners of Dogs are hereby ordered to have them tied up and any Dog found running loose about the Garrison will be shot.

July 28 --- Letter from Major Parker to Brevet Colonel Samuel Fletcher Chalfin, assistant adjutant general, Department of the Missouri:

     In reply to the endorsement on the enclosed papers, I have the honor to make the following report.

     It is [-?-] that as stated in Mr Weichselbaums letter, that it has been customary at this Post, to loan arms and ammunition to Contractors,---but recently I have deemed it improper and unadvisable [for the protection of the Govt and myself] to continue the practice. Using my best efforts, I have, as yet, found it impossible to recover arms but some times [-?-], and long after the necessity for retaining them [-?-].

     In cases where arms have been secured, they have almost [-?-]ly been returned [-?-] of impossible. . . .

     [-?-] of Mr Boyd that [-?-] Messrs Drought & McLaughlin is incorrect.

     He [Boyd] is the [-?-] of the [-?-] in my letter to Dept Hd Qrts, under date of April 10th 1869 as keeping a Ranch near the limits of the Reservation upon which this Post is located and selling Whiskey to soldiers.

July 31 --- Medical history by Lieutenant Colonel Woodhull:

     The month of July closed with no special incident to mark it. New sink for the Guardhouse above-noted was speedily dug and a canvas shelter put over it. Earth has from time to time been thrown over the filth of the general sink.

     Occasional showers fell during the month.

     A few very small gardens were begun next to their quarters by officers toward the end of June and the first of this month. With a good deal of personal attention their appearance is such as to encourage the trial of post gardens and other [grass ?].

     The men quite generally avail themselves of the opportunities for bathing afforded by the Pawnee Fork.

     A Sunday School by one of the ladies of the Post was opened this month. It is the only means of education that the soldiers' children enjoy, and all of them at the Post---ten or twelve---attend it.

August 1 --- Medical history by Lieutenant Colonel Woodhull:

     On [the] 1st instant a.a. surg. J.J. Marston passed through the Post on leave of absence from Camp Supply and reported that Eagle Feather, the Cheyenne treated by Assist. Surg Forwood for gunshot fracture of the thigh, [see pp 81, 86, 89] had completely recovered. He had seen him quite recently in good health, and he displayed a photograph of him taken a few weeks before.

August 7 --- Medical history by Lieutenant Colonel Woodhull:

     A solar eclipse occurred on 7h inst. No instruments are at this post for accurate observation, and no scientific notes were taken. The observation began on the S.E. limb about 3.32 P.M., apparent sun time, and continued almost exactly two hours. It embraced about seven-eighths of the disk, the S.W. limb remaining free. The greatest effect, which was very marked, occurred one hour from the beginning. No protuberances, [-?-]ations or auronal appearances were observed.

     There were no special arrangements made for observing the August flight of meteors, but whatever may have occurred excited no special comment and was not reported.

August 5 --- Medical history by Lieutenant Colonel Woodhull:

     On 5h inst. G.O. 58 A.G.O. c.s. was promulgated through Post Hdqrs; and, the use of kerosene being thusly forbidden, the garrison officers included was reduced to candles for illumination, there being no oil in the subsistence Dpt.

August 15 --- Letter from Major Parker to Colonel Chalfin:

     I have the honor to make the following report as to the number of maps on hand and the number required, in compliance with G.O. No 34 CS from Hd Qrs Dept Mo. dated Fort Leavenworth, Kansas July 21st 1869.

     Maps on hand[:] Territory of the United States from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean, by Lt. G. K. [Warren ?] Topi Engineer, Map of Kansas by Col. Morrill.

     C[-?-] Map of Colorado and Utah by col Morrill, Map of Indian Territory, (to be [-?-] by Eng. Dept) and Map of New Mexico and Arizona by Eng Dept.

August 18 --- Medical history by Lieutenant Colonel Woodhufl:

     Occasional showers of rain fell throughout the month so that the parade [ground] retained its fresh appearance, [macisine ?] vines in front of the officers quarters grew luxuriantly, and the prairie remained quite green until the very end. The miniature gardens before spoken of continued to do well and afforded their owners several grateful messes of the minor vegetables.

     I believe that both post and hospital gardens can be carried on with moderate success by irrigation if great care is employed. The 'dry channel' of the Pawnee Fork surrounds an unoccupied space of several acres known as 'the island'; upon that a garden might be established and a small reservoir might easily be constructed and daily filled by the Post water wagon which has a capacity of twenty three [23] bbls. With depressed [rows ?] and trenches the plants could be properly watered with ease. Grasshoppers might do some [damage], but it is thought not irreparable mischief.

     An occasional wagon has brought vegetables, especially potatoes, from Fort Harker; but the prices were high and the supply scanty. The following letter was addressed to the post adjutant on 17h instant: (See Sinks p. 131.) ["]I have the honor to invite the attention of the Cdg Offr to the importance of the speedy completion of the new sink that is in process of construction, and the establishment of others that may take the place of the single one now in use by the enlisted men. Although at this present writing it is well covered, [-?-] the use of earth over the discharges, as ordered some weeks ago, has been but imperfectly carried out and a closer general compliance with that order is necessary to keep the place in [-?-] condition. I shfoulld not thus formally invite attention to this subject were it not that the work on the new sink, ordered in compliance with my verbal request some weeks ago, is progressing with such extreme slowness, and that I consider it of the highest hygienic importance that the present sink should be filled in and be replaced with more commodious and efficient ones without delay. I am aware that the scarcity of labor is an obstacle to very rapid progress, but I think that if special instructions are given much more can be accomplished than has been done under the slack oversight of sentinels. Should any [motile ?] disease appear it is almost certain to be propagated and intensified by the foulness and insufficiency of the one now in use. Because the command has not yet been disastrously affected, it is not safe to infer that it will permanently escape injury from such [-?-]. The anticipated arrival of more troops is an additional and important reason for the speed of completion of the present and the construction of the other sinks. I respectfully recommend the barrel seats [whose construction I can verbally explain if necessary] as in my opinion best adapted to the circumstances of this post. I also request the construction of another sink at the hospital, in order that the present one may be closed as soon as this more pressing duty is completed." Under Date of 18h the adjutant replied "that the work on the sink at the Post will be prosecuted with as much dispatch as the limited means at the disposal of the commanding officer will permit." When the month closed the new sink was not ready for use. With the assistance of some prisoners, however, a new sink for the hospital was dug, the old one was filled in, the frame was removed and was shingled by the steward.

     Letter from Major Parker to the post quartermaster:

     The Commanding Officer directs, that in view of the fact that Pvt John Fitzgerald Co "K" 3d Infantry, was sentenced in GCM Order No 11, Hd Qrs Dept Mo Mch 16th, 1869 is forfeiting all pay and allowance now, or to become due him, you issue to him the following articles of Clothing viz. One Flannel Sack Coat, one [trousers Foot ?], one Pr Boots, Two flannel Shirts[,] Two Pr Drawers, and two Pr Stockings.

August 23 --- Medical history by Lieutenant Colonel Woodhull:

     An order, in substance the same entered on page 89 for the extinguishing of fires, was issued 23d inst.

     On 23d inst. the disinfectants required for 3d ult. were received.

     Although but nine men and two noncommissioned officers are detailed for guard, the strength of the garrison is so small that the men have obtained but one night in bed between the tours since 11 July. No other military duties can be performed.

     Letter from Lieutenant Cooke, post adjutant, to the post quartermaster:

     The Commanding Officer directs, that all the Carpenters on extra duty in your Dept be at once set to work constructing the building over the new sink at this Post and that they work be promoted with as much dispatch as possible.

     The Carpenters are not to be taken off this work until the completion, unless some sudden or unforseen emergency arises to order it necessary, in which case the necessary orders will [be] given from this Hd Qrs.

     The building must be sufficiently substantial to afford protection from the elements and furnished with doors.

August 24 --- General Orders No. 27, by order of Major Parker:

     . . . II. For the better protection of Government property at this Post the companies comprising the garrisons are hereby organized into fire companies, companies C & D, Bucket companies, and Co K, hook and ladder company.

     III. On an alarm of fire, the several companies will fall in at their respective parade grounds under charge of their 1st Sergts, the buck companies provided with as many buckets[,] camp Kettles &c. as can be procured, and the hook and ladder company with what axes and ladders as are available. The companies will be marched in double time, under charge of a commissioned officer present, or in the absence of one of the senior non commissioned officers[,] to the scene of the conflagration, where a line will at once be formed from the creek to the place of the fire.

     IIII. At an alarm of fire all persons having buckets, camp kettles &c. will at once bring them to the fire and turn them over to the officer in charge.

     IV. The water wagon will be filled every ening and left at some convenient place in the garrison.

     The Officer of the Day is charged with the execution of this order.

August 25 --- Letter from Major Parker to Colonel Chaflin, Department of the Missouri, Fort Leavenworth:

     In view of the fact that the Government property at this Post is valuable, and that there are no means of extinguishing fires other than the comparatively insufficient use of passing water from the creek by means of Buckets, using ladders &c. I hereby respectfully present for the consideration of the Major Genl Comdg the Dept. the importance of having a fire engine of some kind attached to the Garrison.

     I would respectfully state as an additional reason for possessing some more efficient means of extinguishing fires than as now attainable, the prevalence of high winds in this section of the Country.

August 27 --- Medical history by Lieutenant Colonel Woodhull:

     On [the] 24th a reply was received from the Medical Director to the request made 9h ult. for a new hospital. It stated that Fort Larned was not considered of great importance; that a new hospital is scarcely necessary; that "the sick however must be made comfortable." It was suggested to repair the old hospital "if it [-?-] to make comfortable without much expense." If not[,] a temporary wooden house 20 x 40 ft and 8 or 9 ft to the eaves might be put up. This "w[oul]d. be pleasant in summer if well roofed and weatherboarded and in winter would admit two [2] hospital tents being pitched in it." More wd. also be needed[:] small accommodations for dispensary, storeroom and kitchen. The Post surgeon's opinion was asked of if it were advisable to repair the old hospital and if he thought so he was requested to draw a plan of what he thought proper.

     On [the] 27h, he replied substantially as follows: For permanence, or a comparison with other buildings, a stone edifice wd. be best and cheapest. For temporary use wd. repair the present rather than substitute frame. After giving reasons why a new and separate frame building wd. be neither better nor cheaper [if built as proposed] owing to local circumstances, suggested the addition of a frame 16 x 30 ft on the northern side overlapping the western end, wh[ich] wd. protect the present storehouse; that to be divided into two rooms for kitchen and attendants; the present kitchen to be used as a store-room; the present two wards to be thrown into one, with a total capacity of four [4] beds for winter; the canvas ceilings to be torn down; the under surface of the roof to be circled with flooring; and a veranda 12 ft. wide to be built around the south and west sides. The new part to be weatherboarded horizontally, and to be lathed and plastered and filled in with old adobe.

August 28 --- Letter from Lieutenant Cooke to Assistant Surgeon Woodhull:

     The commanding Officer directs that you have the men on daily duty in your Dept report to their Company Commander for the purpose of attending Inspection tomorrow in heavy marching order.

     Letter from Major Parker to Colonel Chalfin, Department of the Missouri:

     I have the honor respectfully to request that until the Subsistence Department is furnished with fixed oil for issue, as prescribed in G.O. No 28, CS Hd Qrs of this [Army ?], authority be granted for burning [Roman ?] oil in the officers quarters at this Post.

August 29 --- Letter from Major Parker to the assistant adjutant general, Department of the Missouri:

     I have the honor respectfully to ask, for the information and guidance of Council of Administration convened at this Post, whither the Post Trader should be taxed in the same manner as prescribed, formerly, for Sutlers, and if they are allowed to fix the tariff of prices at which the Post Trader shall sell their goods.

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