Trading Establishments on the Santa Fe Trail
Part II - Footnotes

  1. McCoy, "Central Kansas Trading Ranches," 112.

  2. Robert Morris Peck, "Recollections of Early Times in Kansas Territory," Kansas Historical Collections, 8 (1903-1904): 488.

  3. McCoy, "Central Kansas Trading Ranches," 112.

  4. Baughman, Kansas Post Offices, 86, 204.

  5. McCoy, "Central Kansas Trading Ranches," 112-113.

  6. "The Legislature of 1868," Kansas Historical Collections, 10 (1907-1908): 267.

  7. Randolph B. Marcy, The Prairie Traveler (New York: Harper and Brothers, 1859), 616.71.

  8. McCoy, "Central Kansas Trading Ranches," 114.

  9. Ibid.

  10. Marion County Treasurer's Vol. 1, "Account of money received for Dram Shop Licenses for the Year1865 and 1866."

  11. There may also have been a trading ranch at Dry Turkey Creek crossing, some eight miles west of Running Turkey Creek. Additional research is underway and a more detailed article will be written about this site for a later issue. There is confusion about the location on Turkey Creek because of the use of several names, including Running Turkey, Big Turkey, and Dry Turkey.

  12. For the life of Charles Fuller and his ranch, see John Stratton, "The Life of Charles O. Fuller in Central Kansas, 1855-1879," Wagon Tracks, 18(Feb.2004): 9-13.

  13. "Legislature of 1868," 271.

  14. David Lindsey, ed., "The Journal of an 1859 Pike's Peak Gold Seeker," Kansas Historical Quarterly, 22 (Winter 1956): 328.

  15. Baughman, Kansas Post Offices, 12,202.

  16. Marion County Treasurer's Book, Vol.1.

  17. Louise Barry, "The Ranch at the Great Bend," Kansas Historical Quarterly, 39 (Spring 1973): 98-99.

  18. Quoted in Stratton, "Life of Charles O. Fuller," 11.

  19. See John Stratton, "A Bold and Fearless Rider': Ed Miller and the Paper Trail," Wagon Tracks, 17 (Nov. 2002): 14-18.

  20. Gregory M. Franzwa, The Santa Fe Trail Revisited (St. Louis: The Patrice Press, 1989), 87-89.

  21. All the material for this portion of the study subtitled Little Arkansas River was taken from Louise Barry. "The Ranch at the Little Arkansas Crossing," Kansas Historical Quarterly, 55 (Autumn 1972).

  22. The majority of the material for this portion of the study subtitled Cow Creek was taken from Barry. "Ranch At Cow Creek Crossing." The single exception is cited in note 86.

  23. McCoy, "Central Kansas Trading Ranches," 117.

  24. Ida Ellen Rath, The Rath Trail (Wichita: McCormick-Armstrong Co., Inc., 1961), 14.

  25. The remaining material for this portion of the study subtitled The Great Bend of the Arkansas River was taken from Barry, "Ranch at the Great Bend."

  26. Taylor, First Mail West, 34.

  27. Barry, "Ranch at Walnut Creek," 121-122, 146-147.

  28. Baughman, Kansas Post Offices, 160-161.

  29. Barry, "Ranch at Walnut Creek," 126,128.

  30. Ibid., 129.

  31. Ibid.

  32. National Tribune, June 13, 1901.

  33. Barry, "Ranch at Cow Creek," 425.

  34. Barry, "Ranch at Walnut Creek," 140-142.

  35. David K. Clapsaddle, "Trading Ranches on the Fort Riley-Fort Larned: The Other Ranch at Walnut Creek," Wagon Tracks, 12 (February 1998): 128.

  36. Clapsaddle, Conflict and Commerce." 129.

  37. Barry, "Ranch at Walnut Creek," 141.

  38. Letters Received, Adjutant General's Office, 1867, Microcopy 619, roll 562, National Archives and Records Service, Washington, D. C.

  39. Clapsaddle, "Conflict and Commerce," 129.

  40. Barry, "Ranch at Walnut Creek," 144-145.

  41. Clapsaddle, "Conflict and Commerce," 134, 137.

  42. Barry, "Ranch at Walnut Creek," 145-146.

  43. Donald J. Berthong, The Southern Cheyennes, (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1963), 269.

  44. Following Rath's departure, the ranch building was occupied by Joseph Douglas, Fort Zarah's post trader. A party of Cheyennes and Arapahoes burned the building in May 1868. Barry, "Ranch at Walnut Creek," 146.

  45. Ibid., 137.

  46. Henry Booth, Centennial History of Pawnee County, Santa Fe Trail Center, Larned, Kansas.

  47. David K. Clapsaddle, A. H. Boyd, Entrepreneur of the Prairie (Larned, Ks: The Larned Tiller and Toiler), 8-9.

  48. Ibid., 9-17.

  49. Ibid., 17.

  50. Ibid., 21, 22.

  51. Capt. Henry Asbury to Asst. Adjutant General, Headquarters, District of the Upper Arkansas, March 6, 1867, Fort Larned National Historic Site Archives.

  52. Taylor, First Mail West, 95, 107.

  53. The majority of the remaining material used for this portion of the study subtitled Cimarron Ranch was taken from Barry, "Ranch at Cimarron Crossing." The single exception is cited in note 117.

  54. R. M. Wright, "Personal Reminiscences of Frontier Life in Southwest Kansas," Kansas Historical Collections, 7 (1901-1902): 53-55. The Spring Bottom Ranch is beyond the scope of this study, but those interested are referred to Wright's article.

  55. Camp Wyncoop, a temporary post, was established in late spring of 1864 at the direction of Col. John M. Chivington. Leo E. Oliva, Soldiers on the Santa Fe Trail (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1967), 152.

  56. Wright, "Personal Reminiscences, " 53-55. Much of the remaining portion of this study subtitled Fort Aubrey Ranch was taken from Louise Barry, "Fort Aubrey," Kansas Historical Quarterly, 39 (Summer 1973), 188-199.

  57. David Lavender, Bent's Fort (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1954), 339, 356; Robert W. Frazer, Forts of The West (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1965), 41-42.

  58. Ibid., 39-40.

  59. Lavender, Bent's Fort, 142-338.

  60. Taykor, First Mail West, 78, 96, 108.

  61. Ibid., 149.

  62. Nancy Robinson, "Letter to Editor," Wagon Tracks, 4 (November 1989): 18.

  63. Brown, Santa Fe Trail, 193-194.

  64. Ibid., 196-200.

  65. Lawrence R. Murphy, "Rayado: Pioneer Settlement," New Mexico Historical Review, 46 (January 1971), 38-39, 49; Simmons, Following the Santa Fe Trail, 146.

  66. Clapsaddle, "Conflict and Commerce," 128-134.

  67. Ibid., 128-131.

  68. Daved K. Clapsaddle, "Trading Ranches on the Fort Riley-Fort Larned Road, Part II: Hohneck's Ranch," Wagon Tracks, 12 (May 1988): 16.

  69. David K. Clapsaddle, "The Fort Hays-Fort Dodge Road," Kansas History, 14 (Summer 1991): 101.

  70. All the material for this portion of the study subtitled Sawlog Creek was taken from David K. Clapsaddle, "The Fort Hays-Fort Dodge Road, a Ladder of Rivers," Overland Journal, 18 (Fall 2000).

  71. Most of the material for this portion of the study subtitled Bent's Fort Again was taken from David K. Clapsaddle, "The Fort Wallace/Kit Carson Roads," Wagon Tracks, 8 (February 1994): 161-162. The lone exception is cited in note 135.

  72. Taylor, First Mail West, 96, 150.

  73. Ibid., 162.

  74. Miguel Antonio Otero, My Life On The Frontier, 1864-1882 (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1987), 69-70.

  75. Barry, Beginning of the West, 1038.

  76. Richard Louden, "The Military Freight Road," Wagon Tracks 7 (May 1993): 9.

  77. Ibid.

  78. Everett Dick, The Sod House Frontier, 1854-1890 (New York: D. Appleton-Century Company, Inc., 1937), 102.
         Used With Permission of the Author
         David Clapsaddle

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